Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

The relationship of wearing a wetsuit in long-distance open-water swimming with sex, age, calendar year, performance, and nationality - crossing the "Strait of Gibraltar"


Nikolaidis, Pantelis Theodoros; Sousa, Caio Victor; Knechtle, Beat (2018). The relationship of wearing a wetsuit in long-distance open-water swimming with sex, age, calendar year, performance, and nationality - crossing the "Strait of Gibraltar". Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine, 9:27-36.

Abstract

Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship of wearing a wetsuit with sex, age group, nationality, calendar year, and performance in crossing the "Strait of Gibraltar"(14.3 km).
Materials and methods: A sample of 1,130 open-water (females, n=180, age 35.9±11.9 years; males, n=950, age 40.0±10.2 years) ultra-distance swimmers crossing the "Strait of Gibraltar" since 1950 was analyzed.
Results: Male, older, and Spanish swimmers used wetsuits more often than female, younger, and athletes of other nationalities, respectively, and the use of the wetsuit has increased during the past three decades. Swimmers with wetsuits were faster than those without. Male athletes aged 30-34 years were faster than athletes >60 years. Female athletes were younger than male athletes, and swimmers with wetsuits were older than those without. The Spanish were faster than the American swimmers and athletes from other nationalities, and the American swimmers were the oldest.
Conclusion: In summary, swimmers were faster when using a wetsuit, and local Spanish swimmers were the fastest and also used wetsuits most frequently. Male and older swimmers used wetsuits more often than other swimmers, and the use of wetsuits has increased in the last three decades.

Abstract

Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship of wearing a wetsuit with sex, age group, nationality, calendar year, and performance in crossing the "Strait of Gibraltar"(14.3 km).
Materials and methods: A sample of 1,130 open-water (females, n=180, age 35.9±11.9 years; males, n=950, age 40.0±10.2 years) ultra-distance swimmers crossing the "Strait of Gibraltar" since 1950 was analyzed.
Results: Male, older, and Spanish swimmers used wetsuits more often than female, younger, and athletes of other nationalities, respectively, and the use of the wetsuit has increased during the past three decades. Swimmers with wetsuits were faster than those without. Male athletes aged 30-34 years were faster than athletes >60 years. Female athletes were younger than male athletes, and swimmers with wetsuits were older than those without. The Spanish were faster than the American swimmers and athletes from other nationalities, and the American swimmers were the oldest.
Conclusion: In summary, swimmers were faster when using a wetsuit, and local Spanish swimmers were the fastest and also used wetsuits most frequently. Male and older swimmers used wetsuits more often than other swimmers, and the use of wetsuits has increased in the last three decades.

Statistics

Citations

Altmetrics

Downloads

18 downloads since deposited on 07 Aug 2018
15 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of General Practice
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:aging, endurance, gender, master athlete, physiology, water sport
Language:English
Date:2018
Deposited On:07 Aug 2018 14:00
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 23:33
Publisher:Dove Medical Press Ltd.
ISSN:1179-1543
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.2147/OAJSM.S158502
PubMed ID:29503588

Download

Gold Open Access

Download PDF  'The relationship of wearing a wetsuit in long-distance open-water swimming with sex, age, calendar year, performance, and nationality - crossing the "Strait of Gibraltar"'.
Preview
Content: Published Version
Language: English
Filetype: PDF
Size: 1MB
View at publisher
Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC 3.0)