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Are professors worth it? The value-added and costs of tutorial instructors


Feld, Jan; Salamanca, Nicolas; Zölitz, Ulf (2018). Are professors worth it? The value-added and costs of tutorial instructors. Working paper series / Department of Economics 293, University of Zurich.

Abstract

A substantial share of university instruction happens in tutorial sessions—small group instruction given parallel to lectures. In this paper, we study whether instructors with a higher academic rank teach tutorials more effectively in a setting where students are randomly assigned to tutorial groups. We find this to be largely not the case. Academic rank is unrelated to students’ current and future performance and only weakly positively related to students’ course evaluations. Building on these results, we discuss different staffing scenarios that show that universities can substantially reduce costs by increasingly relying on lower-ranked instructors for tutorial teaching.

Abstract

A substantial share of university instruction happens in tutorial sessions—small group instruction given parallel to lectures. In this paper, we study whether instructors with a higher academic rank teach tutorials more effectively in a setting where students are randomly assigned to tutorial groups. We find this to be largely not the case. Academic rank is unrelated to students’ current and future performance and only weakly positively related to students’ course evaluations. Building on these results, we discuss different staffing scenarios that show that universities can substantially reduce costs by increasingly relying on lower-ranked instructors for tutorial teaching.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Working Paper
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
Working Paper Series > Department of Economics
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
JEL Classification:I21, I24, J24
Uncontrolled Keywords:Teacher value-added, teaching effectiveness, higher education
Language:English
Date:July 2018
Deposited On:24 Jul 2018 15:20
Last Modified:17 Sep 2019 19:24
Series Name:Working paper series / Department of Economics
Number of Pages:45
ISSN:1664-7041
Additional Information:Auch publiziert als IZA DP No. 11975
OA Status:Green
Official URL:http://www.econ.uzh.ch/static/wp/econwp293.pdf
Related URLs:http://www.econ.uzh.ch/static/workingpapers.php
https://www.iza.org/publications/dp/11975/are-professors-worth-it-the-value-added-and-costs-of-tutorial-instructors

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