Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Factors Determining Water Treatment Behavior for the Prevention of Cholera in Chad


Lilje, Jonathan; Mosler, Hans-Joachim; Kessely, Hamit (2015). Factors Determining Water Treatment Behavior for the Prevention of Cholera in Chad. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 93(1):57-65.

Abstract

Cholera is a well-known and feared disease in developing countries, and is linked to high rates of morbidity and mortality. Contaminated drinking water and the lack of sufficient treatment are two of the key causes of high transmission rates. This article presents a representative health survey performed in Chad to inform future intervention strategies in the prevention and control of cholera. To identify critical psychological factors for behavior change, structured household interviews were administered to N = 1,017 primary caregivers, assessing their thoughts and attitudes toward household water treatment according to the Risk, Attitude, Norm, Ability, and Self-regulation model. The intervention potential for each factor was estimated by analyzing differences in means between groups of current performers and nonperformers of water treatment. Personal risk evaluation for diarrheal diseases and particularly for cholera was very low among the study population. Likewise, the perception of social norms was found to be rather unfavorable for water treatment behaviors. In addition, self-reported ability estimates (self-efficacy) revealed some potential for intervention. A mass radio campaign is proposed, using information and normative behavior change techniques, in combination with community meetings focused on targeting abilities and personal commitment to water treatment.

Abstract

Cholera is a well-known and feared disease in developing countries, and is linked to high rates of morbidity and mortality. Contaminated drinking water and the lack of sufficient treatment are two of the key causes of high transmission rates. This article presents a representative health survey performed in Chad to inform future intervention strategies in the prevention and control of cholera. To identify critical psychological factors for behavior change, structured household interviews were administered to N = 1,017 primary caregivers, assessing their thoughts and attitudes toward household water treatment according to the Risk, Attitude, Norm, Ability, and Self-regulation model. The intervention potential for each factor was estimated by analyzing differences in means between groups of current performers and nonperformers of water treatment. Personal risk evaluation for diarrheal diseases and particularly for cholera was very low among the study population. Likewise, the perception of social norms was found to be rather unfavorable for water treatment behaviors. In addition, self-reported ability estimates (self-efficacy) revealed some potential for intervention. A mass radio campaign is proposed, using information and normative behavior change techniques, in combination with community meetings focused on targeting abilities and personal commitment to water treatment.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics
20 citations in Web of Science®
22 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

30 downloads since deposited on 26 Jul 2018
10 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Parasitology
Life Sciences > Virology
Health Sciences > Infectious Diseases
Uncontrolled Keywords:DoktoratPsych Erstautor
Language:English
Date:2015
Deposited On:26 Jul 2018 12:43
Last Modified:31 Jul 2020 01:52
Publisher:American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
ISSN:0002-9637
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.14-0613
Project Information:
  • : FunderDFID
  • : Grant ID
  • : Project Title
  • : FunderOFID
  • : Grant ID
  • : Project Title

Download

Hybrid Open Access

Download PDF  'Factors Determining Water Treatment Behavior for the Prevention of Cholera in Chad'.
Preview
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 716kB
View at publisher