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C-reactive protein as a predictor of posttraumatic stress induced by acute myocardial infarction


Bielas, Hannes; Meister-Langraf, Rebecca E; Schmid, Jean-Paul; Barth, Jürgen; Znoj, Hansjörg; Schnyder, Ulrich; Princip, Mary; von Känel, Roland (2018). C-reactive protein as a predictor of posttraumatic stress induced by acute myocardial infarction. General Hospital Psychiatry, 53:125-130.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) may cause clinically relevant posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSS). An inflammatory state might be one mechanism linking PTSS with poor prognosis after ACS. We tested the hypothesis that a change in C-reactive protein (CRP) between hospital admission and 3-month follow-up is an independent predictor of ACS-triggered PTSS.
METHODS: We assessed 183 patients (median age 59 years; 84% men) with verified myocardial infarction (MI) within 48 h of an acute coronary intervention and three months post-MI for self-rated PTSS. 14 (7.7%) patients fulfilled definition criteria for PTSS caseness. CRP values were categorized according to the predicted risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) at hospital admission (acute inflammatory response): 0 to <5 mg/L, 5 to <10 mg/L, 10 to <20 mg/L, and ≥ 20 mg/L; and at 3-month follow-up (low-grade inflammation): 0 to <1 mg/L, 1 to <3 mg/L, and ≥ 3 mg/L. Additionally, in a subsample of 84 patients with CRP levels below 20 mg/L at admission, CRP values were log-transformed.
RESULTS: After adjustment for covariates, less of a reduction or an increase of log CRP values between admission and 3-month follow-up predicted PTSS caseness (OR 6.25, 95% CI 1.25, 31.38), and continuous PTSS (unstandardized B = 0.21, 95% CI 0.07, 4.19; p = 0.043). Less reduction in CRP risk categories predicted both PTSS caseness (OR 4.14, 95% CI 1.89, 9.06) and continuous PTSS (B = 1.80, 95% CI 1.09, 2.51; p < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Persistently heightened inflammation seems to be predictive for the development of PTSS three months after ACS, so interventions to lower inflammation might be warranted.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) may cause clinically relevant posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSS). An inflammatory state might be one mechanism linking PTSS with poor prognosis after ACS. We tested the hypothesis that a change in C-reactive protein (CRP) between hospital admission and 3-month follow-up is an independent predictor of ACS-triggered PTSS.
METHODS: We assessed 183 patients (median age 59 years; 84% men) with verified myocardial infarction (MI) within 48 h of an acute coronary intervention and three months post-MI for self-rated PTSS. 14 (7.7%) patients fulfilled definition criteria for PTSS caseness. CRP values were categorized according to the predicted risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) at hospital admission (acute inflammatory response): 0 to <5 mg/L, 5 to <10 mg/L, 10 to <20 mg/L, and ≥ 20 mg/L; and at 3-month follow-up (low-grade inflammation): 0 to <1 mg/L, 1 to <3 mg/L, and ≥ 3 mg/L. Additionally, in a subsample of 84 patients with CRP levels below 20 mg/L at admission, CRP values were log-transformed.
RESULTS: After adjustment for covariates, less of a reduction or an increase of log CRP values between admission and 3-month follow-up predicted PTSS caseness (OR 6.25, 95% CI 1.25, 31.38), and continuous PTSS (unstandardized B = 0.21, 95% CI 0.07, 4.19; p = 0.043). Less reduction in CRP risk categories predicted both PTSS caseness (OR 4.14, 95% CI 1.89, 9.06) and continuous PTSS (B = 1.80, 95% CI 1.09, 2.51; p < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Persistently heightened inflammation seems to be predictive for the development of PTSS three months after ACS, so interventions to lower inflammation might be warranted.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Complementary Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Klinik für Konsiliarpsychiatrie und Psychosomatik
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Psychiatry and Mental health
Language:English
Date:9 May 2018
Deposited On:09 Aug 2018 14:35
Last Modified:25 Apr 2019 07:28
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0163-8343
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2018.03.008
PubMed ID:29880326
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID32003B_140960
  • : Project TitleA Randomized-Controlled Minimal Early Behavioral Intervention Trial to Prevent the Development of Posttraumatic Stress Caused by Acute Myocardial Infarction

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