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A taxonomic revision of Passiflora sect. Xerogona (Passifloraceae) using pricipal component analysis


Boza Espinoza, Tatiana Erika; Jørgensen, Peter M; MacDougal, John M (2018). A taxonomic revision of Passiflora sect. Xerogona (Passifloraceae) using pricipal component analysis. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 103(2):258-313.

Abstract

In subgenus Decaloba (DC.) Rchb. of Passiflora L., the section Xerogona (Raf.) Killip (Passifloraceae) is a group of herbaceous vines found in subtropical and tropical regions of the Americas. Primarily distributed in Central America, with a few also found in the West Indies and South America, the species of Passiflora sect. Xerogona are recognized by their unusual dehiscent capsular fruit, the absence of bracts and laminar nectaries, and their transversely grooved seeds. Passiflora tenella Killip is the only species included in Passiflora sect. Xerogona with a fruit that does not appear to be a capsule, but the shape of the leaves and the absence of floral bracts and laminar nectaries suggest affiliation with this section. Fifteen species, including two subspecies, are recognized within Passiflora sect. Xerogona. Passiflora cobanensis Killip is distinguished as two subspecies, P. cobanensis subsp. cobanensis and P. cobanensis subsp. brevipes (Killip) T. Boza, with the latter subspecies transferred from P. brevipes Killip. From previous species circumscriptions, this section contains two problematic species complexes for P. capsularis L. and P. rubra L. The morphological variation between and within these two species complexes was examined in this study, using Principal Component Analysis and correlation matrices of morphological characters, and this variation was studied throughout their distributional ranges. Passiflora capsularis is recognized as a single variable species. Two species are recognized within the P. rubra complex, based primarily on floral characters, as P. cisnana Harms and P. rubra. Passiflora cisnana is lectotypified.

Abstract

In subgenus Decaloba (DC.) Rchb. of Passiflora L., the section Xerogona (Raf.) Killip (Passifloraceae) is a group of herbaceous vines found in subtropical and tropical regions of the Americas. Primarily distributed in Central America, with a few also found in the West Indies and South America, the species of Passiflora sect. Xerogona are recognized by their unusual dehiscent capsular fruit, the absence of bracts and laminar nectaries, and their transversely grooved seeds. Passiflora tenella Killip is the only species included in Passiflora sect. Xerogona with a fruit that does not appear to be a capsule, but the shape of the leaves and the absence of floral bracts and laminar nectaries suggest affiliation with this section. Fifteen species, including two subspecies, are recognized within Passiflora sect. Xerogona. Passiflora cobanensis Killip is distinguished as two subspecies, P. cobanensis subsp. cobanensis and P. cobanensis subsp. brevipes (Killip) T. Boza, with the latter subspecies transferred from P. brevipes Killip. From previous species circumscriptions, this section contains two problematic species complexes for P. capsularis L. and P. rubra L. The morphological variation between and within these two species complexes was examined in this study, using Principal Component Analysis and correlation matrices of morphological characters, and this variation was studied throughout their distributional ranges. Passiflora capsularis is recognized as a single variable species. Two species are recognized within the P. rubra complex, based primarily on floral characters, as P. cisnana Harms and P. rubra. Passiflora cisnana is lectotypified.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany
07 Faculty of Science > Zurich-Basel Plant Science Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:580 Plants (Botany)
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Life Sciences > Plant Science
Language:English
Date:2018
Deposited On:09 Aug 2018 15:25
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 07:28
Publisher:Missouri Botanical Garden Press
ISSN:0026-6493
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3417/2017055
Official URL:https://annals.mobot.org/index.php/annals/issue/view/12

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