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Origins of gender norms: sibling gender composition and women's choice of occupation and partner


Brenøe, Anne Ardila (2018). Origins of gender norms: sibling gender composition and women's choice of occupation and partner. Working paper series / Department of Economics 294, University of Zurich.

Abstract

I examine how one central aspect of the childhood family environment—sibling gender composition—affects women's gender conformity, measured through their choice of occupation and partner. Using Danish administrative data, I causally estimate the effect of having a second-born brother relative to a sister for first-born women. The results show that women with a brother acquire more traditional gender norms with negative consequences for their labor earnings. I provide evidence of increased gender-specialized parenting in families with mixed-sex children, suggesting a stronger transmission of traditional gender norms. Finally, I find indications of persistent effects to the next generation of girls.

Abstract

I examine how one central aspect of the childhood family environment—sibling gender composition—affects women's gender conformity, measured through their choice of occupation and partner. Using Danish administrative data, I causally estimate the effect of having a second-born brother relative to a sister for first-born women. The results show that women with a brother acquire more traditional gender norms with negative consequences for their labor earnings. I provide evidence of increased gender-specialized parenting in families with mixed-sex children, suggesting a stronger transmission of traditional gender norms. Finally, I find indications of persistent effects to the next generation of girls.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Working Paper
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
Working Paper Series > Department of Economics
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
JEL Classification:I2, J1, J3
Uncontrolled Keywords:Gender identity, sibling gender, occupational choice, family formation
Language:English
Date:July 2018
Deposited On:03 Aug 2018 14:46
Last Modified:22 Oct 2019 13:13
Series Name:Working paper series / Department of Economics
Number of Pages:49
ISSN:1664-7041
Additional Information:Auch erschienen als IZA Discussion Paper No. 11692
OA Status:Green
Official URL:http://www.econ.uzh.ch/static/wp/econwp294.pdf
Related URLs:http://www.econ.uzh.ch/static/workingpapers.php

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