Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Risk factor analysis for a complicated postoperative course after neonatal arterial switch operation: The role of troponin T


Christmann, Martin; Wipf, Alexandra; Dave, Hitendu; Quandt, Daniel; Niesse, Oliver; Deisenberg, Markus; Hersberger, Martin; Kretschmar, Oliver; Knirsch, Walter (2018). Risk factor analysis for a complicated postoperative course after neonatal arterial switch operation: The role of troponin T. Congenital Heart Disease, 13(4):594-601.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To find risk factors for a complicated early postoperative course after arterial switch operation (ASO) in neonates with d-transposition of the great arteries (dTGA). In addition to anatomical and surgical parameters, the predictive value of early postoperative troponin T (TnT) values in correlation to the early postoperative course after ASO is analyzed.
METHODS: Seventy-nine neonates (57 (72%) male) with simple dTGA treated by ASO between 2009 and 2016 were included in the analysis. A complicated early postoperative course (30 days) was defined by one of the following criteria: (A) moderate to severe cardiac dysfunction without rhythm disturbances, (B) rhythm disturbances causing hemodynamic instability with the need for medical treatment, (C) signs for ischemia in ECG, (D) need for surgical or catheter interventional reinterventions other than diagnostic, or (E) other reasons.
RESULTS: Forty of 79 patients (51%) showed a complicated early postoperative course after ASO, with 2 patients dying after 13 and 16 days. Patients with a complicated early postoperative course had a longer PICU stay (P < .001), needed longer mechanical ventilator support (P = .001) and longer inotropic support (P = .03), and more reinterventions (surgical or catheter interventional) were necessary (P = .001). Only the presence of a VSD (P = .001) and longer surgery duration (P = .026) were associated to a complicated postoperative course. TnT values only showed a trend toward higher values in patients with a complicated postoperative course (P = .06). A secondary rise in TnT was seen in 10 patients, ranging from 11.6% to 410.2%, of whom 7 could be classified in the complicated postoperative group.
CONCLUSIONS: The postoperative course after ASO in dTGA neonates is influenced by other cardiac comorbidities like a VSD with the need for surgical treatment, influencing surgery duration. Postoperative higher TnT values reflect a longer and more vulnerable intraoperative course with limited predictive value on the early postoperative course.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To find risk factors for a complicated early postoperative course after arterial switch operation (ASO) in neonates with d-transposition of the great arteries (dTGA). In addition to anatomical and surgical parameters, the predictive value of early postoperative troponin T (TnT) values in correlation to the early postoperative course after ASO is analyzed.
METHODS: Seventy-nine neonates (57 (72%) male) with simple dTGA treated by ASO between 2009 and 2016 were included in the analysis. A complicated early postoperative course (30 days) was defined by one of the following criteria: (A) moderate to severe cardiac dysfunction without rhythm disturbances, (B) rhythm disturbances causing hemodynamic instability with the need for medical treatment, (C) signs for ischemia in ECG, (D) need for surgical or catheter interventional reinterventions other than diagnostic, or (E) other reasons.
RESULTS: Forty of 79 patients (51%) showed a complicated early postoperative course after ASO, with 2 patients dying after 13 and 16 days. Patients with a complicated early postoperative course had a longer PICU stay (P < .001), needed longer mechanical ventilator support (P = .001) and longer inotropic support (P = .03), and more reinterventions (surgical or catheter interventional) were necessary (P = .001). Only the presence of a VSD (P = .001) and longer surgery duration (P = .026) were associated to a complicated postoperative course. TnT values only showed a trend toward higher values in patients with a complicated postoperative course (P = .06). A secondary rise in TnT was seen in 10 patients, ranging from 11.6% to 410.2%, of whom 7 could be classified in the complicated postoperative group.
CONCLUSIONS: The postoperative course after ASO in dTGA neonates is influenced by other cardiac comorbidities like a VSD with the need for surgical treatment, influencing surgery duration. Postoperative higher TnT values reflect a longer and more vulnerable intraoperative course with limited predictive value on the early postoperative course.

Statistics

Citations

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health, Surgery, Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging, Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine, General Medicine
Language:English
Date:17 July 2018
Deposited On:06 Aug 2018 07:04
Last Modified:17 Sep 2019 19:25
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1747-079X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12615
PubMed ID:30019379

Download

Full text not available from this repository.
View at publisher

Get full-text in a library