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Ultra-low-dose computed tomography for attenuation correction of cadmium-zinc-telluride single photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging


Grossmann, Marvin; Giannopoulos, Andreas A; Bechtiger, Fabiola A; Messerli, Michael; Schwyzer, Moritz; Benz, Dominik C; Kudura, Ken; Gebhard, Catherine; Gräni, Christoph; Pazhenkottil, Aju P; Kaufmann, Philipp A; Buechel, Ronny R (2018). Ultra-low-dose computed tomography for attenuation correction of cadmium-zinc-telluride single photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging. Journal of Nuclear Cardiology:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The applicability of ultra-low-dose computed tomography (CT) for attenuation correction (AC) of single-photon-emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI) remains elusive.
METHODS AND RESULTS: One-hundred patients underwent one-day Tc-tetrofosmin stress-rest MPI and non-contrast enhanced cardiac CT with 120, 80, and 70 kilovolt peak (kVp) tube voltage and tube current of 200 milliamperes for creation of AC maps. Normalized percent myocardial uptake from SPECT-MPI using 80 kVp scans for AC showed excellent correlation vs AC from 120 kVp scans for stress [intraclass correlation (ICC) = 0.988, 95% CI = 0.986-0.989, P < .001] and rest (ICC = 0.985, 95% CI = 0.983-0.987, P < .001) with narrow Bland-Altman limits of agreement (BA-LA) (- 5.3% to 4.5% and - 5.4% to 4.4%, respectively) and minimal bias (- 0.4% and - 0.5%, respectively). Correlation of AC SPECT-MPI based on 70 vs 120 kVp scans was excellent for stress (ICC = 0.988, 95% CI = 0.986-0.989, P < .001) and rest (ICC = 0.986, 95% CI = 0.984-0.987, P < .001) with narrow BA-LA (- 5.3% to 4.4% and - 5.2% to 4.5%, respectively) and small bias (- 0.4% and - 0.3%, respectively). Mean effective radiation dose for the 120, 80 and 70 kVp scans were 0.58 ± 0.07, 0.19 ± 0.02, and 0.12 ± 0.01 mSv, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: Attenuation maps for MPI obtained from ultra-low radiation dose CT scans are interchangeable with attenuation maps from standard-dose CT while offering a substantial reduction in radiation dose exposure.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The applicability of ultra-low-dose computed tomography (CT) for attenuation correction (AC) of single-photon-emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI) remains elusive.
METHODS AND RESULTS: One-hundred patients underwent one-day Tc-tetrofosmin stress-rest MPI and non-contrast enhanced cardiac CT with 120, 80, and 70 kilovolt peak (kVp) tube voltage and tube current of 200 milliamperes for creation of AC maps. Normalized percent myocardial uptake from SPECT-MPI using 80 kVp scans for AC showed excellent correlation vs AC from 120 kVp scans for stress [intraclass correlation (ICC) = 0.988, 95% CI = 0.986-0.989, P < .001] and rest (ICC = 0.985, 95% CI = 0.983-0.987, P < .001) with narrow Bland-Altman limits of agreement (BA-LA) (- 5.3% to 4.5% and - 5.4% to 4.4%, respectively) and minimal bias (- 0.4% and - 0.5%, respectively). Correlation of AC SPECT-MPI based on 70 vs 120 kVp scans was excellent for stress (ICC = 0.988, 95% CI = 0.986-0.989, P < .001) and rest (ICC = 0.986, 95% CI = 0.984-0.987, P < .001) with narrow BA-LA (- 5.3% to 4.4% and - 5.2% to 4.5%, respectively) and small bias (- 0.4% and - 0.3%, respectively). Mean effective radiation dose for the 120, 80 and 70 kVp scans were 0.58 ± 0.07, 0.19 ± 0.02, and 0.12 ± 0.01 mSv, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: Attenuation maps for MPI obtained from ultra-low radiation dose CT scans are interchangeable with attenuation maps from standard-dose CT while offering a substantial reduction in radiation dose exposure.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging, Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Language:English
Date:19 June 2018
Deposited On:20 Aug 2018 17:35
Last Modified:06 Feb 2019 04:13
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1071-3581
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s12350-018-1303-y
PubMed ID:29923103

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