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Suppression of star formation in low-mass galaxies caused by the reionization of their local neighbourhood


Dawoodbhoy, Taha; Shapiro, Paul R; Ocvirk, Pierre; Aubert, Dominique; Gillet, Nicolas; Choi, Jun-Hwan; Iliev, Ilian T; Teyssier, Romain; Yepes, Gustavo; Gottlöber, Stefan; D'Aloisio, Anson; Park, Hyunbae; Hoffman, Yehuda (2018). Suppression of star formation in low-mass galaxies caused by the reionization of their local neighbourhood. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 480(2):1740-1753.

Abstract

Photoheating associated with reionization suppressed star formation in low-mass galaxies. Reionization was inhomogeneous, however, affecting different regions at different times. To establish the causal connection between reionization and suppression, we must take this local variation into account. We analyze the results of CoDa (‘Cosmic Dawn’) I, the first fully coupled radiation-hydrodynamical simulation of reionization and galaxy formation in the Local Universe, in a volume large enough to model reionization globally but with enough resolving power to follow all atomic-cooling galactic halos in that volume. For every halo identified at a given time, we find the redshift at which the surrounding IGM reionized, along with its instantaneous star formation rate (‘SFR’) and baryonic gas-to-dark matter ratio (⁠Mgas/MDM⁠). The average SFR per halo with M < 109M⊙ was steady in regions not yet reionized, but declined sharply following local reionization. For M > 1010M⊙, this SFR continued through local reionization, increasing with time, instead. For 109M⊙ < M < 1010M⊙, the SFR generally increased modestly through reionization, followed by a modest decline. In general, halo SFRs were higher for regions that reionized earlier. A similar pattern was found for Mgas/MDM⁠, which declined sharply following local reionization for M < 109M⊙. Local reionization time correlates with local matter overdensity, which determines the local rates of structure formation and ionizing photon consumption. The earliest patches to develop structure and reionize ultimately produced more stars than they needed to finish and maintain their own reionization, exporting their ‘surplus’ starlight to help reionize regions that developed structure later.

Abstract

Photoheating associated with reionization suppressed star formation in low-mass galaxies. Reionization was inhomogeneous, however, affecting different regions at different times. To establish the causal connection between reionization and suppression, we must take this local variation into account. We analyze the results of CoDa (‘Cosmic Dawn’) I, the first fully coupled radiation-hydrodynamical simulation of reionization and galaxy formation in the Local Universe, in a volume large enough to model reionization globally but with enough resolving power to follow all atomic-cooling galactic halos in that volume. For every halo identified at a given time, we find the redshift at which the surrounding IGM reionized, along with its instantaneous star formation rate (‘SFR’) and baryonic gas-to-dark matter ratio (⁠Mgas/MDM⁠). The average SFR per halo with M < 109M⊙ was steady in regions not yet reionized, but declined sharply following local reionization. For M > 1010M⊙, this SFR continued through local reionization, increasing with time, instead. For 109M⊙ < M < 1010M⊙, the SFR generally increased modestly through reionization, followed by a modest decline. In general, halo SFRs were higher for regions that reionized earlier. A similar pattern was found for Mgas/MDM⁠, which declined sharply following local reionization for M < 109M⊙. Local reionization time correlates with local matter overdensity, which determines the local rates of structure formation and ionizing photon consumption. The earliest patches to develop structure and reionize ultimately produced more stars than they needed to finish and maintain their own reionization, exporting their ‘surplus’ starlight to help reionize regions that developed structure later.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute for Computational Science
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Uncontrolled Keywords:Space and Planetary Science, Astronomy and Astrophysics
Language:English
Date:2018
Deposited On:01 Mar 2019 14:33
Last Modified:17 Sep 2019 19:25
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0035-8711
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/sty1945

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