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The transluminal attenuation gradient in coronary CT angiography


Fujimoto, Shinichiro; Giannopoulos, Andreas A; Kumamaru, Kanako K; Matsumori, Rie; Tang, Anji; Kato, Etsuro; Kawaguchi, Yuko; Takamura, Kazuhisa; Miyauchi, Katsumi; Daida, Hiroyuki; Rybicki, Frank J; Mitsouras, Dimitris (2018). The transluminal attenuation gradient in coronary CT angiography. British Journal of Radiology, 91(1087):20180043.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Results of the use of the transluminal attenuation gradient (TAG) at coronary CT angiography (CCTA) to predict hemodynamically significant disease vary widely. This study tested whether diagnostic performance of TAG to predict fractional flow reserve (FFR) ≤ 0.8 is improved when applied separately to subsets of coronary arteries that carry similar physiological flow.
METHODS: 28 patients with 64 × 0.5 mm CCTA and invasive FFR in ≥1 major coronary artery were retrospectively evaluated. Two readers assessed TAG in each artery. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) area under the curve (AUC) was used to assess the diagnostic performance of TAG to detect hemodynamically significant disease following a clinical use rule [negative: FFR > 0.8 or ≤ 25% diameter stenosis (DS) at invasive catheter angiography; positive: FFR ≤ 0.8 or ≥ 90% DS at invasive catheter angiography]. ROC AUC was compared for all arteries pooled together, vs separately for arteries carrying similar physiological flow (Group 1: all left anterior descending plus right-dominant left circumflex; Group 2: right-dominant RCA plus left/co-dominant left circumflex).
RESULTS: Of the 84 arteries, 30 had FFR measurements, 30 had ≤25% DS and 13 had ≥90% DS. 11 arteries with 26-89% DS and no FFR measurement were excluded. TAG interobserver reproducibility was excellent (Pearson r = 0.954, Bland-Altman bias: 0.224 Hounsfield unit cm). ROC AUC to detect hemodynamically significant disease was higher when considering arteries separately (Group 1 AUC = 0.841, p = 0.039; Group 2 AUC = 0.840, p = 0.188), than when pooling all arteries together (AUC = 0.661).
CONCLUSION: Incorporating information on the physiology of coronary flow via the particular vessel interrogated and coronary dominance may improve the accuracy of TAG, a simple measurement that can be quickly performed at the time of CCTA interpretation to detect hemodynamically significant stenosis in individual coronary arteries. Advances in knowledge: The interpretation of TAG may benefit by incorporating information regarding which coronary artery is being interrogated.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Results of the use of the transluminal attenuation gradient (TAG) at coronary CT angiography (CCTA) to predict hemodynamically significant disease vary widely. This study tested whether diagnostic performance of TAG to predict fractional flow reserve (FFR) ≤ 0.8 is improved when applied separately to subsets of coronary arteries that carry similar physiological flow.
METHODS: 28 patients with 64 × 0.5 mm CCTA and invasive FFR in ≥1 major coronary artery were retrospectively evaluated. Two readers assessed TAG in each artery. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) area under the curve (AUC) was used to assess the diagnostic performance of TAG to detect hemodynamically significant disease following a clinical use rule [negative: FFR > 0.8 or ≤ 25% diameter stenosis (DS) at invasive catheter angiography; positive: FFR ≤ 0.8 or ≥ 90% DS at invasive catheter angiography]. ROC AUC was compared for all arteries pooled together, vs separately for arteries carrying similar physiological flow (Group 1: all left anterior descending plus right-dominant left circumflex; Group 2: right-dominant RCA plus left/co-dominant left circumflex).
RESULTS: Of the 84 arteries, 30 had FFR measurements, 30 had ≤25% DS and 13 had ≥90% DS. 11 arteries with 26-89% DS and no FFR measurement were excluded. TAG interobserver reproducibility was excellent (Pearson r = 0.954, Bland-Altman bias: 0.224 Hounsfield unit cm). ROC AUC to detect hemodynamically significant disease was higher when considering arteries separately (Group 1 AUC = 0.841, p = 0.039; Group 2 AUC = 0.840, p = 0.188), than when pooling all arteries together (AUC = 0.661).
CONCLUSION: Incorporating information on the physiology of coronary flow via the particular vessel interrogated and coronary dominance may improve the accuracy of TAG, a simple measurement that can be quickly performed at the time of CCTA interpretation to detect hemodynamically significant stenosis in individual coronary arteries. Advances in knowledge: The interpretation of TAG may benefit by incorporating information regarding which coronary artery is being interrogated.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging
Language:English
Date:1 July 2018
Deposited On:22 Aug 2018 14:14
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 07:32
Publisher:British Institute of Radiology
ISSN:0007-1285
OA Status:Green
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1259/bjr.20180043
PubMed ID:29589976

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