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Bevacizumab may improve quality of life, but not overall survival in glioblastoma: an epidemiological study


Gramatzki, D; Roth, P; Rushing, E J; Weller, J; Andratschke, N; Hofer, S; Korol, Dimitri; Regli, L; Pangalu, A; Pless, M; Oberle, J; Bernays, R; Moch, H; Rohrmann, Sabine; Weller, M (2018). Bevacizumab may improve quality of life, but not overall survival in glioblastoma: an epidemiological study. Annals of Oncology, 29(6):1431-1436.

Abstract

Background The vascular endothelial growth factor antibody bevacizumab (Avastin®), received approval for the treatment of recurrent glioblastoma in many countries including the USA and Switzerland, but not the European Union, in 2009. Here, we explored the hypothesis that the approval of bevacizumab improved outcome with glioblastoma on a population level. Patients and methods The prognostic significance of epidemiological, molecular genetic, and clinical data including treatment for glioblastoma patients diagnosed from 2010 to 2014 in the Canton of Zurich, Switzerland, was retrospectively analyzed using log-rank test and Cox proportional hazards models. Data were compared with data for the years 2005-2009. Results In total, 310 glioblastoma patients were identified in the years 2010-2014. Median overall survival was 13.5 months for patients with known isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) wild-type (wt) (IDH1R132H-non-mutant) tumors (N = 248), compared with 11.3 months for IDH wt patients (P = 0.761) before (2005-2009). In the IDH wt cohort, bevacizumab use at any time increased from 19% in 2005-2009 to 49% in 2010-2014. Multivariate analysis did not identify bevacizumab exposure at any time to be associated with survival. Yet, upon the second-line treatment, baseline doses of corticosteroids were reduced by more than half in 83% of patients on bevacizumab compared with 48% of the patients treated with bevacizumab-free regimens (P = 0.007). Conclusion This epidemiological study of a small, but clinically well-annotated patient cohort fails to support the assumption that the strong increase of bevacizumab use since 2010 improved survival in glioblastoma although clinical benefit associated with decreased steroid use may have been achieved.

Abstract

Background The vascular endothelial growth factor antibody bevacizumab (Avastin®), received approval for the treatment of recurrent glioblastoma in many countries including the USA and Switzerland, but not the European Union, in 2009. Here, we explored the hypothesis that the approval of bevacizumab improved outcome with glioblastoma on a population level. Patients and methods The prognostic significance of epidemiological, molecular genetic, and clinical data including treatment for glioblastoma patients diagnosed from 2010 to 2014 in the Canton of Zurich, Switzerland, was retrospectively analyzed using log-rank test and Cox proportional hazards models. Data were compared with data for the years 2005-2009. Results In total, 310 glioblastoma patients were identified in the years 2010-2014. Median overall survival was 13.5 months for patients with known isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) wild-type (wt) (IDH1R132H-non-mutant) tumors (N = 248), compared with 11.3 months for IDH wt patients (P = 0.761) before (2005-2009). In the IDH wt cohort, bevacizumab use at any time increased from 19% in 2005-2009 to 49% in 2010-2014. Multivariate analysis did not identify bevacizumab exposure at any time to be associated with survival. Yet, upon the second-line treatment, baseline doses of corticosteroids were reduced by more than half in 83% of patients on bevacizumab compared with 48% of the patients treated with bevacizumab-free regimens (P = 0.007). Conclusion This epidemiological study of a small, but clinically well-annotated patient cohort fails to support the assumption that the strong increase of bevacizumab use since 2010 improved survival in glioblastoma although clinical benefit associated with decreased steroid use may have been achieved.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neuroradiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Radiation Oncology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Neuropathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 June 2018
Deposited On:04 Sep 2018 12:40
Last Modified:26 Feb 2019 08:08
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0923-7534
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/annonc/mdy106
PubMed ID:29617713

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