Lung transplantation is an established therapeutic procedure for end stage lung diseases. Its success may be impaired by perioperative complications. Intraoperative blood loss and the resulting blood transfusion are among the most common complications. The various factors contributing to increased blood loss during lung transplantation are only scarcely investigated and not yet completely understood. This is in sharp contrast to other surgical fields, as in orthopedic surgery, liver transplantation and cardiac surgery the contributors to blood loss are well identified. This narrative review article aims to highlight the acknowledged factors influencing blood loss in lung transplantation (such as double vs. single lung transplant) and to discuss potential factors that may be of interest for further research or helpful to develop strategies targeting risk factors in order to minimize blood loss during lung transplantation and finally improve patient outcome.