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Accuracy of Sensititre YeastOne echinocandins epidemiological cut-off values for identification of FKS mutant Candida albicans and Candida glabrata: a ten year national survey of the Fungal Infection Network of Switzerland (FUNGINOS)


Kritikos, A; Neofytos, D; Khanna, N; Schreiber, P W; Boggian, K; Bille, J; Schrenzel, J; Mühlethaler, K; Zbinden, R; Bruderer, T; Goldenberger, D; Pfyffer, G; Conen, A; Van Delden, C; Zimmerli, S; Sanglard, D; Bachmann, D; Marchetti, O; Lamoth, F; Fungal Infection Network of Switzerland (FUNGINOS) (2018). Accuracy of Sensititre YeastOne echinocandins epidemiological cut-off values for identification of FKS mutant Candida albicans and Candida glabrata: a ten year national survey of the Fungal Infection Network of Switzerland (FUNGINOS). Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 24(11):1214.e1-1214.e4.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES Echinocandins represent the first-line treatment of candidaemia. Acquired echinocandin resistance is mainly observed among Candida albicans and Candida glabrata and is associated with FKS hotspot mutations. The commercial Sensititre YeastOne™ (SYO) kit is widely used for antifungal susceptibility testing, but interpretive clinical breakpoints are not well defined. We determined echinocandins epidemiological cut-off values (ECV) for C. albicans/glabrata tested by SYO and assessed their ability to identify FKS mutants in a national survey of candidaemia. METHODS Bloodstream isolates of C. albicans and C. glabrata were collected in 25 Swiss hospitals from 2004 to 2013 and tested by SYO. FKS hotspot sequencing was performed for isolates with an MIC≥ECV for any echinocandin. RESULTS In all, 1277 C. albicans and 347 C. glabrata were included. ECV 97.5% of caspofungin, anidulafungin and micafungin were 0.12, 0.06 and 0.03 μg/mL for C. albicans, and 0.25, 0.12 and 0.03 μg/mL for C. glabrata, respectively. FKS hotspot sequencing was performed for 70 isolates. No mutation was found in the 52 'limit wild-type' isolates (MIC=ECV for at least one echinocandin). Among the 18 'non-wild-type' isolates (MIC>ECV for at least one echinocandin), FKS mutations were recovered in the only two isolates with MIC>ECV for all three echinocandins, but not in those exhibiting a 'non-wild-type' phenotype for only one or two echinocandins. CONCLUSION This 10-year nationwide survey showed that the rate of echinocandin resistance among C. albicans and C. glabrata remains low in Switzerland despite increased echinocandin use. SYO-ECV could discriminate FKS mutants from wild-type isolates tested by SYO in this population.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES Echinocandins represent the first-line treatment of candidaemia. Acquired echinocandin resistance is mainly observed among Candida albicans and Candida glabrata and is associated with FKS hotspot mutations. The commercial Sensititre YeastOne™ (SYO) kit is widely used for antifungal susceptibility testing, but interpretive clinical breakpoints are not well defined. We determined echinocandins epidemiological cut-off values (ECV) for C. albicans/glabrata tested by SYO and assessed their ability to identify FKS mutants in a national survey of candidaemia. METHODS Bloodstream isolates of C. albicans and C. glabrata were collected in 25 Swiss hospitals from 2004 to 2013 and tested by SYO. FKS hotspot sequencing was performed for isolates with an MIC≥ECV for any echinocandin. RESULTS In all, 1277 C. albicans and 347 C. glabrata were included. ECV 97.5% of caspofungin, anidulafungin and micafungin were 0.12, 0.06 and 0.03 μg/mL for C. albicans, and 0.25, 0.12 and 0.03 μg/mL for C. glabrata, respectively. FKS hotspot sequencing was performed for 70 isolates. No mutation was found in the 52 'limit wild-type' isolates (MIC=ECV for at least one echinocandin). Among the 18 'non-wild-type' isolates (MIC>ECV for at least one echinocandin), FKS mutations were recovered in the only two isolates with MIC>ECV for all three echinocandins, but not in those exhibiting a 'non-wild-type' phenotype for only one or two echinocandins. CONCLUSION This 10-year nationwide survey showed that the rate of echinocandin resistance among C. albicans and C. glabrata remains low in Switzerland despite increased echinocandin use. SYO-ECV could discriminate FKS mutants from wild-type isolates tested by SYO in this population.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Infectious Diseases
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 November 2018
Deposited On:06 Sep 2018 09:53
Last Modified:24 Oct 2019 07:12
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1198-743X
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cmi.2018.05.012
PubMed ID:29909005

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