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MRI Assessment of Supra- and Infratrochanteric Femoral Torsion: Association With Femoroacetabular Impingement and Hip Dysplasia


Fritz, Benjamin; Bensler, Susanne; Leunig, Michael; Zingg, Patrick O; Pfirrmann, Christian W A; Sutter, Reto (2018). MRI Assessment of Supra- and Infratrochanteric Femoral Torsion: Association With Femoroacetabular Impingement and Hip Dysplasia. American Journal of Roentgenology, 211(1):155-161.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE The objective of our study was to evaluate a novel measurement technique for assessing the supra- and infratrochanteric components of femoral torsion, establish reference values in healthy volunteers, and compare supra- and infratrochanteric torsion angles in patients with hip dysplasia and patients with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) with those in healthy volunteers. MATERIALS AND METHODS Femoral torsion was assessed in 380 patients and 61 healthy volunteers on MRI. For assessing supra- and infratrochanteric torsion, three measurement techniques (i.e., Kim, simplified Kim, and centroid methods) were evaluated by two readers on 100 patients. The technique with the highest interreader reliability was selected to perform measurements on all patients and volunteers. Supra- and infratrochanteric torsion angles of patients were stratified by hip disorders, which were diagnosed by specialized hip surgeons, and were compared with reference values of healthy volunteers. Statistical analysis included the independent t test, Mann-Whitney U test, and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). RESULTS The centroid method showed the highest interreader reliability for measuring supra-and infratrochanteric torsion with an ICC of 0.979. The supra- and infratrochanteric torsion values of the volunteers were 31.5° ± 7.4° (mean ± SD) and -18.3° ± 9.9°, respectively. In comparison with the volunteers, patients with hip dysplasia had significantly higher supraand infratrochanteric torsion values of 37.5° ± 10.3° (p = 0.001) and -9.6° ± 11.7° (p < 0.001) and patients with pincer-type FAI had significantly higher supratrochanteric torsion values of 37.8° ± 8.0° (p = 0.002). CONCLUSION The supra- and infratrochanteric components of femoral torsion differ substantially between hip disorders: Patients with hip dysplasia have predominantly increased infratrochanteric torsion, whereas patients with pincer-type FAI have increased supratrochanteric torsion. Quantification of separate supra- and infratrochanteric torsion angles allows a more detailed analysis of hip disorders and may influence treatment planning.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE The objective of our study was to evaluate a novel measurement technique for assessing the supra- and infratrochanteric components of femoral torsion, establish reference values in healthy volunteers, and compare supra- and infratrochanteric torsion angles in patients with hip dysplasia and patients with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) with those in healthy volunteers. MATERIALS AND METHODS Femoral torsion was assessed in 380 patients and 61 healthy volunteers on MRI. For assessing supra- and infratrochanteric torsion, three measurement techniques (i.e., Kim, simplified Kim, and centroid methods) were evaluated by two readers on 100 patients. The technique with the highest interreader reliability was selected to perform measurements on all patients and volunteers. Supra- and infratrochanteric torsion angles of patients were stratified by hip disorders, which were diagnosed by specialized hip surgeons, and were compared with reference values of healthy volunteers. Statistical analysis included the independent t test, Mann-Whitney U test, and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). RESULTS The centroid method showed the highest interreader reliability for measuring supra-and infratrochanteric torsion with an ICC of 0.979. The supra- and infratrochanteric torsion values of the volunteers were 31.5° ± 7.4° (mean ± SD) and -18.3° ± 9.9°, respectively. In comparison with the volunteers, patients with hip dysplasia had significantly higher supraand infratrochanteric torsion values of 37.5° ± 10.3° (p = 0.001) and -9.6° ± 11.7° (p < 0.001) and patients with pincer-type FAI had significantly higher supratrochanteric torsion values of 37.8° ± 8.0° (p = 0.002). CONCLUSION The supra- and infratrochanteric components of femoral torsion differ substantially between hip disorders: Patients with hip dysplasia have predominantly increased infratrochanteric torsion, whereas patients with pincer-type FAI have increased supratrochanteric torsion. Quantification of separate supra- and infratrochanteric torsion angles allows a more detailed analysis of hip disorders and may influence treatment planning.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:July 2018
Deposited On:07 Sep 2018 11:07
Last Modified:08 Sep 2018 07:30
Publisher:American Roentgen Ray Society
ISSN:0361-803X
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.2214/AJR.17.18882
PubMed ID:29733696

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