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The kinetics of F-FDG in lung cancer: compartmental models and voxel analysis


Silvestri, Erica; Scolozzi, Valentina; Rizzo, Gaia; Indovina, Luca; Castellaro, Marco; Mattoli, Maria Vittoria; Graziano, Paolo; Cardillo, Giuseppe; Bertoldo, Alessandra; Calcagni, Maria Lucia (2018). The kinetics of F-FDG in lung cancer: compartmental models and voxel analysis. EJNMMI Research, 8:88.

Abstract

BACKGROUND The validation of the most appropriate compartmental model that describes the kinetics of a specific tracer within a specific tissue is mandatory before estimating quantitative parameters, since the behaviour of a tracer can be different among organs and diseases, as well as between primary tumours and metastases. The aims of our study were to assess which compartmental model better describes the kinetics of F-Fluorodeoxygluxose(F-FDG) in primary lung cancers and in metastatic lymph nodes; to evaluate whether quantitative parameters, estimated using different innovative technologies, are different between lung cancers and lymph nodes; and to evaluate the intra-tumour inhomogeneity. RESULTS Twenty-one patients (7 females; 71 ± 9.4 years) with histologically proved lung cancer, prospectively evaluated, underwent F-FDG PET-CT for staging. Spectral analysis iterative filter (SAIF) method was used to design the most appropriate compartmental model. Among the compartmental models arranged using the number of compartments suggested by SAIF results, the best one was selected according to Akaike information criterion (AIC). Quantitative analysis was performed at the voxel level. K, V and K were estimated with three advanced methods: SAIF approach, Patlak analysis and the selected compartmental model. Pearson's correlation and non-parametric tests were used for statistics. SAIF showed three possible irreversible compartmental models: Tr-1R, Tr-2R and Tr-3R. According to well-known F-FDG physiology, the structure of the compartmental models was supposed to be catenary. AIC indicated the Sokoloff's compartmental model (3K) as the best one. Excellent correlation was found between K estimated by Patlak and by SAIF (R = 0.97, R = 0.94, at the global and the voxel level respectively), and between K estimated by 3K and by SAIF (R = 0.98, R = 0.95, at the global and the voxel level respectively). Using the 3K model, the lymph nodes showed higher mean and standard deviation of V than lung cancers (p < 0.0014, p < 0.0001 respectively) and higher standard deviation of K (p < 0.005). CONCLUSIONS One-tissue reversible plus one-tissue irreversible compartmental model better describes the kinetics of F-FDG in lung cancers, metastatic lymph nodes and normal lung tissues. Quantitative parameters, estimated at the voxel level applying different advanced approaches, show the inhomogeneity of neoplastic tissues. Differences in metabolic activity and in vascularization, highlighted among all cancers and within each individual cancer, confirm the wide variability in lung cancers and metastatic lymph nodes. These findings support the need of a personalization of therapeutic approaches.

Abstract

BACKGROUND The validation of the most appropriate compartmental model that describes the kinetics of a specific tracer within a specific tissue is mandatory before estimating quantitative parameters, since the behaviour of a tracer can be different among organs and diseases, as well as between primary tumours and metastases. The aims of our study were to assess which compartmental model better describes the kinetics of F-Fluorodeoxygluxose(F-FDG) in primary lung cancers and in metastatic lymph nodes; to evaluate whether quantitative parameters, estimated using different innovative technologies, are different between lung cancers and lymph nodes; and to evaluate the intra-tumour inhomogeneity. RESULTS Twenty-one patients (7 females; 71 ± 9.4 years) with histologically proved lung cancer, prospectively evaluated, underwent F-FDG PET-CT for staging. Spectral analysis iterative filter (SAIF) method was used to design the most appropriate compartmental model. Among the compartmental models arranged using the number of compartments suggested by SAIF results, the best one was selected according to Akaike information criterion (AIC). Quantitative analysis was performed at the voxel level. K, V and K were estimated with three advanced methods: SAIF approach, Patlak analysis and the selected compartmental model. Pearson's correlation and non-parametric tests were used for statistics. SAIF showed three possible irreversible compartmental models: Tr-1R, Tr-2R and Tr-3R. According to well-known F-FDG physiology, the structure of the compartmental models was supposed to be catenary. AIC indicated the Sokoloff's compartmental model (3K) as the best one. Excellent correlation was found between K estimated by Patlak and by SAIF (R = 0.97, R = 0.94, at the global and the voxel level respectively), and between K estimated by 3K and by SAIF (R = 0.98, R = 0.95, at the global and the voxel level respectively). Using the 3K model, the lymph nodes showed higher mean and standard deviation of V than lung cancers (p < 0.0014, p < 0.0001 respectively) and higher standard deviation of K (p < 0.005). CONCLUSIONS One-tissue reversible plus one-tissue irreversible compartmental model better describes the kinetics of F-FDG in lung cancers, metastatic lymph nodes and normal lung tissues. Quantitative parameters, estimated at the voxel level applying different advanced approaches, show the inhomogeneity of neoplastic tissues. Differences in metabolic activity and in vascularization, highlighted among all cancers and within each individual cancer, confirm the wide variability in lung cancers and metastatic lymph nodes. These findings support the need of a personalization of therapeutic approaches.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Reconstructive Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:29 August 2018
Deposited On:11 Sep 2018 12:52
Last Modified:30 Sep 2018 23:59
Publisher:SpringerOpen
ISSN:2191-219X
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1186/s13550-018-0439-8
PubMed ID:30159686

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