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Individual differences in system justification predict power and morality-related needs in advantaged and disadvantaged groups in response to group disparity


Hässler, Tabea; Shnabel, Nurit; Ullrich, Johannes; Arditti-Vogel, Anat; SimanTov-Nachlieli, Ilanit (2019). Individual differences in system justification predict power and morality-related needs in advantaged and disadvantaged groups in response to group disparity. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 22(5):746-766.

Abstract

Guided by the needs-based model, we explored how individual differences in system justification predict group members’ needs in response to information about group-based disparities. Across two studies (N = 819), we found that among disadvantaged-group members (LGBTIQ* individuals/women) system justification was negatively related to need for power. Among advantaged-group members ([cis-]heterosexuals/men), system justification was negatively related to motivation to restore their ingroup’s moral essence (i.e., moral shame and wish that the ingroup would act more morally) but positively related to motivation to restore their ingroup’s moral image (i.e., need for positive moral image and expectation that the outgroup should acknowledge the ingroup’s morality). These results theoretically extend the needs-based model by offering a more nuanced picture of morality-related needs. Further, they underline the importance of considering individual differences in system justification for understanding advantaged- and disadvantaged-group members’ responses to social inequality.

Abstract

Guided by the needs-based model, we explored how individual differences in system justification predict group members’ needs in response to information about group-based disparities. Across two studies (N = 819), we found that among disadvantaged-group members (LGBTIQ* individuals/women) system justification was negatively related to need for power. Among advantaged-group members ([cis-]heterosexuals/men), system justification was negatively related to motivation to restore their ingroup’s moral essence (i.e., moral shame and wish that the ingroup would act more morally) but positively related to motivation to restore their ingroup’s moral image (i.e., need for positive moral image and expectation that the outgroup should acknowledge the ingroup’s morality). These results theoretically extend the needs-based model by offering a more nuanced picture of morality-related needs. Further, they underline the importance of considering individual differences in system justification for understanding advantaged- and disadvantaged-group members’ responses to social inequality.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords:DoktoratPSych Erstautor
Language:English
Date:1 August 2019
Deposited On:06 Sep 2018 10:03
Last Modified:03 Jul 2019 01:01
Publisher:Sage Publications Ltd.
ISSN:1368-4302
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177/1368430218773403
Project Information:
  • : FunderGerman Israeli Foundation
  • : Grant ID1119-126.412010
  • : Project Title
  • : FunderEuropean Commission Seventh Framework Programme
  • : Grant IDPCIG09-GA-2011-293602
  • : Project Title

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