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Outcome after fetoscopic laser coagulation in twin-twin transfusion syndrome - is the survival rate of at least one child at 6 months of age dependent on preoperative cervical length and preterm prelabour rupture of fetal membranes?


Rüegg, Ladina; Hüsler, Margaret; Krähenmann, Franziska; Natalucci, Giancarlo; Zimmermann, Roland; Ochsenbein-Kölble, Nicole (2020). Outcome after fetoscopic laser coagulation in twin-twin transfusion syndrome - is the survival rate of at least one child at 6 months of age dependent on preoperative cervical length and preterm prelabour rupture of fetal membranes? Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, 33(5):852-860.

Abstract

PURPOSE Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) complicates 10-15% of all monochorionic twin pregnancies. Selective laser coagulation of placental anastomoses is the only causal therapy. The aim of this study was to analyze the neonatal survival, the survival rate of at least one child at 6 months of age, and maternal outcome after laser therapy in a Swiss cohort. MATERIAL AND METHODS Between 2008 and 2014, 39 women were treated with fetoscopic laser procedure due to TTTS. Two women were excluded from the study because of missing informed consent or loss of follow-up. The women were divided into two groups: group 1 with a cervical length >25 mm and group 2 with a cervical length ≤25 mm. The primary end point was the survival rate of at least one child at 6 months of age and its dependence on maternal preoperative cervical length or the time interval between operation (OP)-preterm prelabour rupture of fetal membranes (PPROM). Secondary outcomes were neonatal complications and maternal complications due to the procedure. Statistical analysis was performed using the program SPSS 22. A p-value of <.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS Mean gestational age (GA) at OP of group 1 (20.3 ± 3 GW) was comparable with group 2 (21.5 ± 2.4 GW; p = .27). The GA at birth was significantly higher in group 1 (31.5 ± 5.9 GW) than in group 2 (27.0 ± 4.7 GW: p = .02). The survival rate of at least one child at 30 days and 6 months of age was 81% in group 1 and only 60% in group 2 (p = .1). PPROM <32 GW occurred in 43%. The survival rate of at least one child was significantly higher if the OP-PPROM interval was >28 days (93 versus 43%; p = .02). Major brain injury was observed in 11% of infants. Severe maternal complications (pulmonary edema) occurred in three cases (8%). CONCLUSIONS Our survival rate of at least one child at 30 days and 6 months of age and the outcome of the mothers is well comparable to other international studies. A preoperative maternal cervical length of >25 mm and an occurrence of PPROM more than 28 days after the laser therapy is associated with a higher survival rate of at least one child at 6 months of age.

Abstract

PURPOSE Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) complicates 10-15% of all monochorionic twin pregnancies. Selective laser coagulation of placental anastomoses is the only causal therapy. The aim of this study was to analyze the neonatal survival, the survival rate of at least one child at 6 months of age, and maternal outcome after laser therapy in a Swiss cohort. MATERIAL AND METHODS Between 2008 and 2014, 39 women were treated with fetoscopic laser procedure due to TTTS. Two women were excluded from the study because of missing informed consent or loss of follow-up. The women were divided into two groups: group 1 with a cervical length >25 mm and group 2 with a cervical length ≤25 mm. The primary end point was the survival rate of at least one child at 6 months of age and its dependence on maternal preoperative cervical length or the time interval between operation (OP)-preterm prelabour rupture of fetal membranes (PPROM). Secondary outcomes were neonatal complications and maternal complications due to the procedure. Statistical analysis was performed using the program SPSS 22. A p-value of <.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS Mean gestational age (GA) at OP of group 1 (20.3 ± 3 GW) was comparable with group 2 (21.5 ± 2.4 GW; p = .27). The GA at birth was significantly higher in group 1 (31.5 ± 5.9 GW) than in group 2 (27.0 ± 4.7 GW: p = .02). The survival rate of at least one child at 30 days and 6 months of age was 81% in group 1 and only 60% in group 2 (p = .1). PPROM <32 GW occurred in 43%. The survival rate of at least one child was significantly higher if the OP-PPROM interval was >28 days (93 versus 43%; p = .02). Major brain injury was observed in 11% of infants. Severe maternal complications (pulmonary edema) occurred in three cases (8%). CONCLUSIONS Our survival rate of at least one child at 30 days and 6 months of age and the outcome of the mothers is well comparable to other international studies. A preoperative maternal cervical length of >25 mm and an occurrence of PPROM more than 28 days after the laser therapy is associated with a higher survival rate of at least one child at 6 months of age.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Obstetrics
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neonatology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:3 March 2020
Deposited On:13 Sep 2018 11:32
Last Modified:03 Jan 2020 02:00
Publisher:Informa Healthcare
ISSN:1476-4954
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2018.1506441
PubMed ID:30196741

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