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The external obturator footprint as a landmark in total hip arthroplasty through a direct anterior approach: a CT-based analysis


Rüdiger, Hannes A; Fritz, Benjamin; Impellizzeri, Franco M; Leunig, Michael; Pfirrmann, Christian W; Sutter, Reto (2019). The external obturator footprint as a landmark in total hip arthroplasty through a direct anterior approach: a CT-based analysis. Hip International, 29(1):96-101.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Anatomical landmarks for templating of total hip arthroplasty (THA) that are visible both during surgery and on radiographs are rare. If surgery is performed through a direct anterior approach the external obturator tendon (EO) is consistently visible. To use this point as a reference the exact position and dimensions of the footprint need to be known. AIM To determine the location and dimension of the EO footprint on pelvic radiographs by correlating the EO anatomy in CT scans with conventional radiographs. METHODS CT scans and radiographs of 200 patients were analysed. The EO tendon was identified on CT scans; the height of its footprint, and its distance to the tip of the greater trochanter and to the anatomical axis of the femur was measured. The accuracy and inter-rater reliability in the identification of the EO footprint was determined. RESULTS The EO tendon was visible on all CT scans and it's footprint was identifiable on all corresponding radiographs. It's cranio-caudal dimension was 6.4 ± 1.4 mm. It's distance to the tip of the greater trochanter was 16.0 ± 3.1 mm. The EO footprint was located 5.2 ± 3.7 mm lateral to the femoral anatomical axis. There was no significant difference regarding the accuracy of EO footprint localisation on radiographs among the 2 readers. CONCLUSION The EO footprint on the greater trochanter is consistently visible on CT scans and radiographs. As the variability of the footprint dimension is small, this structure may serve as a useful landmark in THA, particularly when performed through a direct anterior approach.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Anatomical landmarks for templating of total hip arthroplasty (THA) that are visible both during surgery and on radiographs are rare. If surgery is performed through a direct anterior approach the external obturator tendon (EO) is consistently visible. To use this point as a reference the exact position and dimensions of the footprint need to be known. AIM To determine the location and dimension of the EO footprint on pelvic radiographs by correlating the EO anatomy in CT scans with conventional radiographs. METHODS CT scans and radiographs of 200 patients were analysed. The EO tendon was identified on CT scans; the height of its footprint, and its distance to the tip of the greater trochanter and to the anatomical axis of the femur was measured. The accuracy and inter-rater reliability in the identification of the EO footprint was determined. RESULTS The EO tendon was visible on all CT scans and it's footprint was identifiable on all corresponding radiographs. It's cranio-caudal dimension was 6.4 ± 1.4 mm. It's distance to the tip of the greater trochanter was 16.0 ± 3.1 mm. The EO footprint was located 5.2 ± 3.7 mm lateral to the femoral anatomical axis. There was no significant difference regarding the accuracy of EO footprint localisation on radiographs among the 2 readers. CONCLUSION The EO footprint on the greater trochanter is consistently visible on CT scans and radiographs. As the variability of the footprint dimension is small, this structure may serve as a useful landmark in THA, particularly when performed through a direct anterior approach.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 January 2019
Deposited On:18 Sep 2018 13:33
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 23:36
Publisher:Wichtig Editore
ISSN:1120-7000
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177/1120700018761320
PubMed ID:29783889

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