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Donor and recipient treatment with the Lazaroid U-74006F do not improve post-transplant lung function in swine1


Hillinger, Sven; Schmid, Ralph A; Stammberger, Uz; Boehler, Annette; Schüb, Othmar M; Zollinger, Andreas; Weder, Walter (1999). Donor and recipient treatment with the Lazaroid U-74006F do not improve post-transplant lung function in swine1. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 15(4):475-480.

Abstract

Objective: U-74006F is the only Lazaroid which is currently in clinical use. A number of experimental studies demonstrate that Lazaroids reduce ischemia/reperfusion injury in various organ systems. We evaluated the effect of U-74006F on reperfusion injury in a large animal model of lung allo-transplantation. Methods: Two different treatment modalities were evaluated and compared with corresponding control groups. Unilateral left lung transplantation was performed in 21 weight-matched pigs (24-31 kg). Donor lungs were flushed with 1.5 l cold (1°C) LPD solution and preserved for 20 h. In group I (n=5), donor animals were pretreated with U-74006F (10 mg/kg i.v.) 20 min before harvest. In addition U-74006F was added to the flush solution (10 mg/l). In group III (n=6), the Lazaroid was given to the donor before flush and to the recipient before reperfusion (3 mg/kg i.v.). Group II and IV (n=5) served as control. One hour after reperfusion, the recipient contralateral right pulmonary artery and bronchus were ligated to assess graft function only. Extravascular lung water index (EVLWI), mean pulmonary artery pressure, cardiac output, and gas exchange were assessed during a 5 h observation period. Lipid peroxidation (TBARS) and neutrophil migration (MPO activity) were measured at the end of the assessment in lung allograft tissue. Results: A significant change of TBARS concentration was shown in group III (group III 78.7±4.6 pmol/g vs. group IV 120.8±7.2 pmol/g (P=0.0065) normal lung tissue 41.3±4.2 pmol/g). MPO activity was reduced in group III 3.74±0.25 δOD/mg per min vs. group IV 4.97±0.26 δOD/mg per min (P=0.027), normal lung tissue 1.04±0.27 δOD/mg per min). Pulmonary hemodynamics and gas exchange after reperfusion did not differ between groups. In group I and III, a tendency towards a reduced EVLWI was noted. Conclusion: We conclude that combined treatment of donor and recipient with U-74006F reduces free radical mediated injury in the allograft. However, this intervention did not result in a significant reduction of post-transplant lung edema or improvement of pulmonary hemodynamics. Donor pretreatment alone did not improve lung allograft reperfusion injury. These results indicate that the benefit of U-74006F is too small to consider clinical application in lung transplantation

Abstract

Objective: U-74006F is the only Lazaroid which is currently in clinical use. A number of experimental studies demonstrate that Lazaroids reduce ischemia/reperfusion injury in various organ systems. We evaluated the effect of U-74006F on reperfusion injury in a large animal model of lung allo-transplantation. Methods: Two different treatment modalities were evaluated and compared with corresponding control groups. Unilateral left lung transplantation was performed in 21 weight-matched pigs (24-31 kg). Donor lungs were flushed with 1.5 l cold (1°C) LPD solution and preserved for 20 h. In group I (n=5), donor animals were pretreated with U-74006F (10 mg/kg i.v.) 20 min before harvest. In addition U-74006F was added to the flush solution (10 mg/l). In group III (n=6), the Lazaroid was given to the donor before flush and to the recipient before reperfusion (3 mg/kg i.v.). Group II and IV (n=5) served as control. One hour after reperfusion, the recipient contralateral right pulmonary artery and bronchus were ligated to assess graft function only. Extravascular lung water index (EVLWI), mean pulmonary artery pressure, cardiac output, and gas exchange were assessed during a 5 h observation period. Lipid peroxidation (TBARS) and neutrophil migration (MPO activity) were measured at the end of the assessment in lung allograft tissue. Results: A significant change of TBARS concentration was shown in group III (group III 78.7±4.6 pmol/g vs. group IV 120.8±7.2 pmol/g (P=0.0065) normal lung tissue 41.3±4.2 pmol/g). MPO activity was reduced in group III 3.74±0.25 δOD/mg per min vs. group IV 4.97±0.26 δOD/mg per min (P=0.027), normal lung tissue 1.04±0.27 δOD/mg per min). Pulmonary hemodynamics and gas exchange after reperfusion did not differ between groups. In group I and III, a tendency towards a reduced EVLWI was noted. Conclusion: We conclude that combined treatment of donor and recipient with U-74006F reduces free radical mediated injury in the allograft. However, this intervention did not result in a significant reduction of post-transplant lung edema or improvement of pulmonary hemodynamics. Donor pretreatment alone did not improve lung allograft reperfusion injury. These results indicate that the benefit of U-74006F is too small to consider clinical application in lung transplantation

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 April 1999
Deposited On:20 Sep 2018 13:23
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 23:37
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1010-7940
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/s1010-7940(99)00022-6
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101016S1010794099000226 (Library Catalogue)

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