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Predictors of long-term survival after valve replacement for chronic aortic regurgitation. Is M-mode echocardiography sufficient?


Corti, R (2001). Predictors of long-term survival after valve replacement for chronic aortic regurgitation. Is M-mode echocardiography sufficient? European Heart Journal, 22(10):866-873.

Abstract

Aims The clinical importance of pre-operative and follow-up echocardiographic studies in patients operated on for chronic severe aortic valve regurgitation is still a matter of debate. The prognostic significance of M-mode echocardiography has never been directly compared with clinical and angiographic data. Methods and Results Univariate and multivariate analyses of cumulative survival were performed for clinical, echocardiographic and angiographic data of 125 patients operated on between 1975 and 1983, and followed for 13·3±6·4 years. Ten and 20 year survival rates were 77% and 48%, respectively. Age, NYHA class, angiographic volumes, ejection fraction, as well as M-mode echocardiographic end-systolic dimension and shortening fraction were the main pre-operative prognostic parameters for long-term survival. In a multivariate analysis the angiographic end-systolic volume index, age and preoperative NYHA class were independent pre-operative prognostic variables of long-term survival. A postoperative reduction in end-diastolic dimension of >20% predicted a significantly better late survival (74% vs 44% after 20 years,P <0·001). Conclusions Age, pre-operative NYHA class and left ventricular systolic function are the main determinants of long-term survival after valve replacement for chronic aortic regurgitation. Despite a slightly lower predictive value of echocardiography when compared to angiography, it appeared sufficient for everyday clinical decision making for valve replacement. Echocardiography within 6 months postoperatively is able to detect recovery of left ventricular function, and enables additional risk-stratification, regardless of pre-operative findings

Abstract

Aims The clinical importance of pre-operative and follow-up echocardiographic studies in patients operated on for chronic severe aortic valve regurgitation is still a matter of debate. The prognostic significance of M-mode echocardiography has never been directly compared with clinical and angiographic data. Methods and Results Univariate and multivariate analyses of cumulative survival were performed for clinical, echocardiographic and angiographic data of 125 patients operated on between 1975 and 1983, and followed for 13·3±6·4 years. Ten and 20 year survival rates were 77% and 48%, respectively. Age, NYHA class, angiographic volumes, ejection fraction, as well as M-mode echocardiographic end-systolic dimension and shortening fraction were the main pre-operative prognostic parameters for long-term survival. In a multivariate analysis the angiographic end-systolic volume index, age and preoperative NYHA class were independent pre-operative prognostic variables of long-term survival. A postoperative reduction in end-diastolic dimension of >20% predicted a significantly better late survival (74% vs 44% after 20 years,P <0·001). Conclusions Age, pre-operative NYHA class and left ventricular systolic function are the main determinants of long-term survival after valve replacement for chronic aortic regurgitation. Despite a slightly lower predictive value of echocardiography when compared to angiography, it appeared sufficient for everyday clinical decision making for valve replacement. Echocardiography within 6 months postoperatively is able to detect recovery of left ventricular function, and enables additional risk-stratification, regardless of pre-operative findings

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:15 May 2001
Deposited On:20 Sep 2018 14:05
Last Modified:04 Oct 2018 11:17
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0195-668X
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1053/euhj.2000.2314
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101053euhj20002314 (Library Catalogue)

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