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N-linked oligosaccharide processing enzyme glucosidase II produces 1,5-anhydrofructose as a side product


Hirano, K; Ziak, M; Kamoshita, K; Sukenaga, Y; Kametani, S; Shiga, Y; Roth, J; Akanuma, H (2000). N-linked oligosaccharide processing enzyme glucosidase II produces 1,5-anhydrofructose as a side product. Glycobiology, 10(12):1283-1289.

Abstract

α-1,4-Glucan lyase cleaves α-1,4-linkages of nonreducing termini of α-1,4-glucans to produce 1,5-anhydrofructose (1,5-AnFru). The enzymes isolated from fungi and algae show high homology with glycoside hydrolase family 31. Purification of α-1,4-glucan lyase from rat liver using DEAE Cellulose chromatography resulted in separation of two enzymatic active fractions, one was bound to the column and the other was in the flow-through. Partial amino acid sequence determined from the lyase, retained on the anion exchange column, were identical with that of the N-linked oligosaccharide processing enzyme glucosidase II. The lyase showed similar enzymatic properties as the microsomal glucosidase such as inhibition by 1-deoxynojirimycin and castanospermine. On the other hand, glucosidase II purified from rat liver microsomes produced not only glucose but also a small amount of 1,5-AnFru using maltose as substrate. Furthermore, CHO cells overexpressing pig liver glucosidase II showed a 1.5- to 2-fold higher lyase activity compared to the nontransfected CHO cells. Conversely, no lyase activity was detectable either in PHAR2.7, the glucosidase II-deficientmutant from a mouse lymphoma cell line, or in Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain YG427 having the glucosidase II gene disrupted. These data demonstrate that glucosidase II possesses an additional enzymatic activity of releasing 1,5-AnFru from maltose

Abstract

α-1,4-Glucan lyase cleaves α-1,4-linkages of nonreducing termini of α-1,4-glucans to produce 1,5-anhydrofructose (1,5-AnFru). The enzymes isolated from fungi and algae show high homology with glycoside hydrolase family 31. Purification of α-1,4-glucan lyase from rat liver using DEAE Cellulose chromatography resulted in separation of two enzymatic active fractions, one was bound to the column and the other was in the flow-through. Partial amino acid sequence determined from the lyase, retained on the anion exchange column, were identical with that of the N-linked oligosaccharide processing enzyme glucosidase II. The lyase showed similar enzymatic properties as the microsomal glucosidase such as inhibition by 1-deoxynojirimycin and castanospermine. On the other hand, glucosidase II purified from rat liver microsomes produced not only glucose but also a small amount of 1,5-AnFru using maltose as substrate. Furthermore, CHO cells overexpressing pig liver glucosidase II showed a 1.5- to 2-fold higher lyase activity compared to the nontransfected CHO cells. Conversely, no lyase activity was detectable either in PHAR2.7, the glucosidase II-deficientmutant from a mouse lymphoma cell line, or in Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain YG427 having the glucosidase II gene disrupted. These data demonstrate that glucosidase II possesses an additional enzymatic activity of releasing 1,5-AnFru from maltose

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Language:English
Date:1 December 2000
Deposited On:20 Sep 2018 14:10
Last Modified:15 Apr 2021 14:47
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0959-6658
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/glycob/10.12.1283

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