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Nitrite generation in Interleukin-4--treated human macrophage cultures does not involve the nitric oxide synthase pathway


Schneemann, M; Schoedon, G; Linscheid, P; Walter, R; Blau, N; Schaffner, A (1997). Nitrite generation in Interleukin-4--treated human macrophage cultures does not involve the nitric oxide synthase pathway. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 175(1):130-135.

Abstract

The search continues for high-output nitric oxide biosynthesis in human macrophages analogous to murine phagocytes. Recently, generation of nitrite in culture supernatants of human macrophages exposed to interferon-γ and interleukin-4 (IFN-γ/IL-4) was reported. The present study reproduces these findings and shows that L-arginine is not consumed and L-citrulline is not produced during this process. Furthermore, the biosynthesis of the obligatory cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin is not coinduced. These biochemical data provide support against a nitric oxide synthase contribution to nitrite accumulation. Nitrite was generated from nitrate salts even in cell-free media. Nitric oxide synthase activity but not nitrate reduction depended on molecular oxygen. Nitrite accumulation in experiments with IFN-γ/IL-4 in human monocytes appears to be an in vitro artifact produced by nitrate-reducing activities contained in cytokine preparations

Abstract

The search continues for high-output nitric oxide biosynthesis in human macrophages analogous to murine phagocytes. Recently, generation of nitrite in culture supernatants of human macrophages exposed to interferon-γ and interleukin-4 (IFN-γ/IL-4) was reported. The present study reproduces these findings and shows that L-arginine is not consumed and L-citrulline is not produced during this process. Furthermore, the biosynthesis of the obligatory cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin is not coinduced. These biochemical data provide support against a nitric oxide synthase contribution to nitrite accumulation. Nitrite was generated from nitrate salts even in cell-free media. Nitric oxide synthase activity but not nitrate reduction depended on molecular oxygen. Nitrite accumulation in experiments with IFN-γ/IL-4 in human monocytes appears to be an in vitro artifact produced by nitrate-reducing activities contained in cytokine preparations

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 January 1997
Deposited On:04 Oct 2018 18:48
Last Modified:05 Oct 2018 07:31
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0022-1899
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/175.1.130
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101093infdis1751130 (Library Catalogue)
PubMed ID:8985206

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