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Sprayer for quantitative application of odor stimuli


El-Sayed, Ashraf; Gódde, Josef; Arn, Heinrich (1999). Sprayer for quantitative application of odor stimuli. Environmental Entomology, 28(6):947-953.

Abstract

A novel device is described for the quantitative application of chemical stimuli. The device uses ultrasound to disperse a solution of volatile chemicals as an aerosol. A motor-driven syringe controls the rate at which the solution is released from a glass capillary. Vibration of the capillary disperses the released solution into microdroplets that evaporate completely within a few centimeters of the tip. The ratio of chemical stimulus to solvent is maintained until the liquid is dispersed and therefore the release rate of the chemical stimulus can be set and calculated straightforwardly from the dilution factor and the dynamically controllable speed of the syringe plunger. The sprayer permits the delivery of chemical stimulus independent of relative vapor pressures of the components and of environmental factors such as temperature. The sprayer is easy to operate, can be constructed from inexpensive materials, and can be used to emit odor stimuli in the wind tunnel or any other bioassay for pheromones and plant volatiles

Abstract

A novel device is described for the quantitative application of chemical stimuli. The device uses ultrasound to disperse a solution of volatile chemicals as an aerosol. A motor-driven syringe controls the rate at which the solution is released from a glass capillary. Vibration of the capillary disperses the released solution into microdroplets that evaporate completely within a few centimeters of the tip. The ratio of chemical stimulus to solvent is maintained until the liquid is dispersed and therefore the release rate of the chemical stimulus can be set and calculated straightforwardly from the dilution factor and the dynamically controllable speed of the syringe plunger. The sprayer permits the delivery of chemical stimulus independent of relative vapor pressures of the components and of environmental factors such as temperature. The sprayer is easy to operate, can be constructed from inexpensive materials, and can be used to emit odor stimuli in the wind tunnel or any other bioassay for pheromones and plant volatiles

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:Unspecified
Language:English
Date:1 December 1999
Deposited On:04 Oct 2018 19:13
Last Modified:24 Nov 2018 00:26
Publisher:Entomological Society of America
ISSN:0046-225X
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/28.6.947
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101093ee286947 (Library Catalogue)

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