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Antithrombin activity in children with chylothorax


Bernet-Buettiker, V; Waldvogel, K; Cannizzaro, Vincenzo; Albisetti, M (2006). Antithrombin activity in children with chylothorax. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 29(3):406-409.

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether increased antithrombin loss is present in children with chylothorax after cardiac surgery. Methods: Plasma and pleural effusion samples of children with chylous and non-chylous pleural effusion were assayed for antithrombin activity. Results: Ten children with chylothorax and five children with non-chylous pleural effusion were investigated. There was statistically significant increase in mean antithrombin activity in chylous samples (32.2 ± 11.4%) compared to non-chylous samples (14.4 ± 13.9%), and significant decrease in plasma of children with chylothorax (44.6 ± 15.4%) compared to children with non-chylous pleural effusion (69.9 ± 22.4%). Seven of 10 children with chylous and none of the children without chylous developed thrombosis (p < 0.007). Conclusions: Increased loss of antithrombin is present in children with chylothorax, potentially predisposing these children to an increased risk of thrombosis. Repeated antithrombin substitution should be considered in critically ill children with chylothorax

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether increased antithrombin loss is present in children with chylothorax after cardiac surgery. Methods: Plasma and pleural effusion samples of children with chylous and non-chylous pleural effusion were assayed for antithrombin activity. Results: Ten children with chylothorax and five children with non-chylous pleural effusion were investigated. There was statistically significant increase in mean antithrombin activity in chylous samples (32.2 ± 11.4%) compared to non-chylous samples (14.4 ± 13.9%), and significant decrease in plasma of children with chylothorax (44.6 ± 15.4%) compared to children with non-chylous pleural effusion (69.9 ± 22.4%). Seven of 10 children with chylous and none of the children without chylous developed thrombosis (p < 0.007). Conclusions: Increased loss of antithrombin is present in children with chylothorax, potentially predisposing these children to an increased risk of thrombosis. Repeated antithrombin substitution should be considered in critically ill children with chylothorax

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Surgery
Health Sciences > Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
Health Sciences > Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Language:English
Date:1 March 2006
Deposited On:05 Oct 2018 16:03
Last Modified:31 Jul 2020 01:54
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1010-7940
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejcts.2005.12.015
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101016jejcts200512015 (Library Catalogue)
PubMed ID:16439146

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