The distribution of GABA-like immunoreactivity in the pigeon visual system was studied during the first 9 days after hatching using a mouse monoclonal antibody, mAb 3A12, to glutaraldehyde linked GABA (Matute &amp; Streit, 1986). GABA-like immunoreactivity was seen in cell bodies as well as in neuropil at the level of both the retina and central visual regions at any posthatching age. However, the distribution of putative GABAergic cells and processes varied with age reaching the adult pattern at around 9 days. As a general observation, almost no cell bodies in the retina (except for some perikarya in the ganglion cell layer) were labeled at hatching but densely packed immunostained processes were present in the inner plexiform layer. During the next few days, GABA-immunoreactive amacrine and horizontal cells appeared and the adult distribution of GABA-like immunoreactivity was reached at around 9 days. In the other visual regions examined, the general trend in the variation of GABA-like immunoreactivity included: (1) a progressive decrease in the density of immunostained cell bodies and (2) an almost parallel increase in the concentration of stained neuropil. Since in pigeons the adult organization of visual pathways and the final distribution putative GABAergic systems are reached at around the same age, we suggest the possibility that incoming ganglion cell axons play a role in regulating the distribution of GABA-like immunoreactivity in Visual areas. This hypothesis is supported by the fact that the distribution of GABA-like immunoreactivity in the superficial layers of the optic tectum was altered following ablation of the contralateral retina immediately after hatching.