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Post-Transplant Diabetes Mellitus in Renal Allograft Recipients: A Matched-Pair Control Study


von Kiparski, A; Frei, D; Uhlschmid, G; Largiader, F; Binswanger, U (1990). Post-Transplant Diabetes Mellitus in Renal Allograft Recipients: A Matched-Pair Control Study. Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation, 5(3):220-225.

Abstract

The incidence of post-transplant diabetes mellitus was evaluated retrospectively in 901 consecutive renal transplant recipients. Thirty-two (3.6%) patients developed diabetes mellitus requiring drug therapy. 18 of 32 became hyperglycaemic within 3 months of transplantation. Post-transplant diabetes mellitus occurred in 24 of 628 (3.8%) patients treated with conventional therapy consisting in azathioprine and prednisone, and in 8 of 273 (2.9%) patients receiving cyclosporin A (CsA) in addition (triple therapy). To identify predisposing factors 32 nondiabetic patients matched for age, sex, number of graft, immunosuppressive protocol, and graft function at onset of diabetes were used as case controls. Thirteen of 32 patients with diabetes mellitus and 5 of 32 control patients had abnormal glucose tolerance pretransplant (P<0.025). HLA-B8 was significantly more frequent in patients with post-transplant diabetes mellitus than in control patients (9 of 29 vs 2 of 31, (P<0.02). Twelve (38%) patients became diabetic during or immediately after anti-rejection therapy with intravenous pulse prednisone. Four diabetic patients experienced chronic pancreatitis pre-transplant. Family history of diabetes mellitus, bodyweight, number of rejection episodes, and immunosuppressive drug doses were similar in both groups. Actuarial patient and graft survival was not significantly different in diabetic patients and controls, although 10-year data tended to be better in controls. Thus, post-transplant diabetes mellitus was not a frequent complication in patients sometimes predisposed by an impaired glucose tolerance pre-transplant and was triggered by pulse prednisone therapy in 38%

Abstract

The incidence of post-transplant diabetes mellitus was evaluated retrospectively in 901 consecutive renal transplant recipients. Thirty-two (3.6%) patients developed diabetes mellitus requiring drug therapy. 18 of 32 became hyperglycaemic within 3 months of transplantation. Post-transplant diabetes mellitus occurred in 24 of 628 (3.8%) patients treated with conventional therapy consisting in azathioprine and prednisone, and in 8 of 273 (2.9%) patients receiving cyclosporin A (CsA) in addition (triple therapy). To identify predisposing factors 32 nondiabetic patients matched for age, sex, number of graft, immunosuppressive protocol, and graft function at onset of diabetes were used as case controls. Thirteen of 32 patients with diabetes mellitus and 5 of 32 control patients had abnormal glucose tolerance pretransplant (P<0.025). HLA-B8 was significantly more frequent in patients with post-transplant diabetes mellitus than in control patients (9 of 29 vs 2 of 31, (P<0.02). Twelve (38%) patients became diabetic during or immediately after anti-rejection therapy with intravenous pulse prednisone. Four diabetic patients experienced chronic pancreatitis pre-transplant. Family history of diabetes mellitus, bodyweight, number of rejection episodes, and immunosuppressive drug doses were similar in both groups. Actuarial patient and graft survival was not significantly different in diabetic patients and controls, although 10-year data tended to be better in controls. Thus, post-transplant diabetes mellitus was not a frequent complication in patients sometimes predisposed by an impaired glucose tolerance pre-transplant and was triggered by pulse prednisone therapy in 38%

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:1 January 1990
Deposited On:16 Oct 2018 15:28
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 23:38
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0931-0509
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/ndt/5.3.220
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101093ndt53220 (Library Catalogue)

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