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The scid mouse as an experimental model for the evaluation of anti-Pneumocystis carinii therapy


Kunz, Samuel; Junker, Ursula; Blaser, Jurg; Joos, Beda; Meyer, Barbara; Zak, Oto; O'Reilly, Terence (1995). The scid mouse as an experimental model for the evaluation of anti-Pneumocystis carinii therapy. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 36(1):137-155.

Abstract

The usefulness of scid mice bearing endogenous Pneumocystis carinii infection as a model for experimental chemotherapy was examined using standard compounds known to be effective against P. carinii. Trimethoprim/sulphamethoxazole was able to reduce pulmonary P. carinii cysts in a dose-dependent manner within the dose range studied (10/50 to 100/500 TMP/SMX mg/kg/d, bd, po, 5 days per week for 30 treatments). However, alterations in associated symptoms of infection (reduced body weight, increased lung weight, increased blood leucocytes and erythrocytes), was apparently not linearly dose-dependent. Blood and lung lavage fluid levels of sulphamethoxazole one hour post administration of trimethoprim/sulphamethoxazole was dose-dependent, but not linear with dose, andwas apparently correlated to cyst reduction; trimethoprim was below the limit of detection at this time. Treatment of micewith 100/500 mg/kg/day trimethoprim/ sulphamethoxazole required 2 weeks (bd for 10 days of treatment) before changes in indices of infection became significant. Pentamidine (20 mg/kg, sc, three times per week for 3 weeks) was nearly as effective as high-dose trimethoprim/sulphamethoxazole in reducing cysts, whereas lower doses were ineffective. Despite being unable to reduce pulmonary P. carinii infection, even low doses of pentamidine (6 or 2mg/kg, sc, three times per week for 3 weeks) were able to reduce lung weights and blood leucocyte levels. This model of pulmonary P. carinii infections is amenable to chemotherapeutic intervention in an apparently dose-dependent fashion, and can be used to evaluate the capacity of compounds to eradicate P. carinii and resolve signs of infection

Abstract

The usefulness of scid mice bearing endogenous Pneumocystis carinii infection as a model for experimental chemotherapy was examined using standard compounds known to be effective against P. carinii. Trimethoprim/sulphamethoxazole was able to reduce pulmonary P. carinii cysts in a dose-dependent manner within the dose range studied (10/50 to 100/500 TMP/SMX mg/kg/d, bd, po, 5 days per week for 30 treatments). However, alterations in associated symptoms of infection (reduced body weight, increased lung weight, increased blood leucocytes and erythrocytes), was apparently not linearly dose-dependent. Blood and lung lavage fluid levels of sulphamethoxazole one hour post administration of trimethoprim/sulphamethoxazole was dose-dependent, but not linear with dose, andwas apparently correlated to cyst reduction; trimethoprim was below the limit of detection at this time. Treatment of micewith 100/500 mg/kg/day trimethoprim/ sulphamethoxazole required 2 weeks (bd for 10 days of treatment) before changes in indices of infection became significant. Pentamidine (20 mg/kg, sc, three times per week for 3 weeks) was nearly as effective as high-dose trimethoprim/sulphamethoxazole in reducing cysts, whereas lower doses were ineffective. Despite being unable to reduce pulmonary P. carinii infection, even low doses of pentamidine (6 or 2mg/kg, sc, three times per week for 3 weeks) were able to reduce lung weights and blood leucocyte levels. This model of pulmonary P. carinii infections is amenable to chemotherapeutic intervention in an apparently dose-dependent fashion, and can be used to evaluate the capacity of compounds to eradicate P. carinii and resolve signs of infection

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Pharmacology
Health Sciences > Microbiology (medical)
Health Sciences > Infectious Diseases
Health Sciences > Pharmacology (medical)
Language:English
Date:1 January 1995
Deposited On:12 Oct 2018 07:09
Last Modified:15 Apr 2021 14:48
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0305-7453
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/36.1.137

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