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Activated endothelin system in polyglobulia


Hermann, M (2002). Activated endothelin system in polyglobulia. American Journal of Hypertension, 15(4):A130.

Abstract

The role of the endothelin system, the functional counterpart of NO, in the pathophysiology of polyglobulia remains still elusive. Therefore a novel erythropoietin overexpressing mouse was generated, with hematocrit levels of about 80%. Hence, we analyzed vascular contractions to ET-1 and big endothelin-1 (big ET-1), endothelin-1 (ET-1) promoter activity, ET-1 immunochemistry, endothelin-1 (ET-1)-protein tissue levels, ETA/B-receptor mRNA expression in this novel transgenic model of severe polyglobulia. For analysis of ET-1 promotor activity, EPO transgenic mice were mated with homozygous transgenic mice expressing the lacZ gene under control of the human ET-1 promoter and immunochistochemistry for gal blue was performed in lacZ transgenic animals. Notwithstanding markedly increased eNOS expression, NO-mediated endothelium-dependent relaxation and circulating and vascular tissue NO levels indicating enhanced bioavailability of NO, ET-1 tissue levels were also augmented in heart, kidney, liver and aorta (2.2±0.3 vs. 0.5±0.1 pg/mg tissue; P<0.01) of transgenic polyglobulic animals. Accordingly, immunohistochemistry demonstrated enhanced expression of ET-1 protein in the vascular wall of polyglobulic animals as compared to controls (p< 0.05), while increase of ET-1 promoter activity was confined to the perivascular tissue (P<0.05). NOS inhibition with L-NAME unmasked increased vascular reactivity to ET-1 and bigET-1 and aortic ETA/B receptor mRNA gene expression was enhanced (p<0.05 vs. controls). Administration of the NOS inhibitor L-NAME led to acute vasoconstriction of peripheral resistance vessels, hypertension and death of transgenic mice within 2 days, while wildtypes did not show increased mortality. Treatment with the ETA antagonist darusentan doubled survival time of transgenic polyglobulic mice after NO synthase inhibition (p<0.01 vs placebo). In conclusion, in this study we provide first evidence that the tissue endothelin system is activated by polyglobulia. Together with a stimulated NO system it contributes to cardiovascular regulation in pathophysiological conditions associated with increased hematocrit

Abstract

The role of the endothelin system, the functional counterpart of NO, in the pathophysiology of polyglobulia remains still elusive. Therefore a novel erythropoietin overexpressing mouse was generated, with hematocrit levels of about 80%. Hence, we analyzed vascular contractions to ET-1 and big endothelin-1 (big ET-1), endothelin-1 (ET-1) promoter activity, ET-1 immunochemistry, endothelin-1 (ET-1)-protein tissue levels, ETA/B-receptor mRNA expression in this novel transgenic model of severe polyglobulia. For analysis of ET-1 promotor activity, EPO transgenic mice were mated with homozygous transgenic mice expressing the lacZ gene under control of the human ET-1 promoter and immunochistochemistry for gal blue was performed in lacZ transgenic animals. Notwithstanding markedly increased eNOS expression, NO-mediated endothelium-dependent relaxation and circulating and vascular tissue NO levels indicating enhanced bioavailability of NO, ET-1 tissue levels were also augmented in heart, kidney, liver and aorta (2.2±0.3 vs. 0.5±0.1 pg/mg tissue; P<0.01) of transgenic polyglobulic animals. Accordingly, immunohistochemistry demonstrated enhanced expression of ET-1 protein in the vascular wall of polyglobulic animals as compared to controls (p< 0.05), while increase of ET-1 promoter activity was confined to the perivascular tissue (P<0.05). NOS inhibition with L-NAME unmasked increased vascular reactivity to ET-1 and bigET-1 and aortic ETA/B receptor mRNA gene expression was enhanced (p<0.05 vs. controls). Administration of the NOS inhibitor L-NAME led to acute vasoconstriction of peripheral resistance vessels, hypertension and death of transgenic mice within 2 days, while wildtypes did not show increased mortality. Treatment with the ETA antagonist darusentan doubled survival time of transgenic polyglobulic mice after NO synthase inhibition (p<0.01 vs placebo). In conclusion, in this study we provide first evidence that the tissue endothelin system is activated by polyglobulia. Together with a stimulated NO system it contributes to cardiovascular regulation in pathophysiological conditions associated with increased hematocrit

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:1 April 2002
Deposited On:25 Sep 2018 12:47
Last Modified:31 Jul 2020 02:03
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0895-7061
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/s0895-7061(02)02625-0
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101016S0895706102026250 (Library Catalogue)

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