Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Molecular genetic analysis of the 3p — syndrome


Abstract

Molecular genetic analysis of five cases of 3p-syndrome (del(3)(qter-p25:)) was performed to investigate the relationship between the molecular pathology and clinical phenotype. Fluorescence in situ hybridization studies and analysis of polymorphic DNA markers from chromosome 3p25-p26 demonstrated that all four informative cases had distal deletions. However, the extent of the deletion was variable: in two patients with the most extensive deletions the deletion breakpoint mapped between RAF1 and D3S1250, in one patient the deletion breakpoint was between D3S1250 and D3S601, and in two patients the deletion commenced telomeric to D3S601 (and telomeric to D3S1317 in one of these). All five patients displayed the classical features of 3p- syndrome (mental retardation, growth retardation, microcephaly, ptosis and micrognathia) demonstrating that loss of sequences centromeric to D3S1317 is not required for expression of the characteristic 3p- syndrome phenotype. The three patients with the most extensive deletions had cardiac septal defects suggesting that a gene involved in normal cardiac development is contained in the interval D3S1250 and D3S18. The PMCA2 gene is contained within this region and deletion of this gene may cause congenital heart defects. At least three patients were deleted for the von Hippel - Lindau (VHL) disease gene although none had yet developed evidence of VHL disease. We conclude that molecular analysis of 3p- syndrome patients enhances the management of affected patients by identifying those at risk for VHL disease, and can be used to elucidate the critical regions for the 3p- syndrome phenotype

Abstract

Molecular genetic analysis of five cases of 3p-syndrome (del(3)(qter-p25:)) was performed to investigate the relationship between the molecular pathology and clinical phenotype. Fluorescence in situ hybridization studies and analysis of polymorphic DNA markers from chromosome 3p25-p26 demonstrated that all four informative cases had distal deletions. However, the extent of the deletion was variable: in two patients with the most extensive deletions the deletion breakpoint mapped between RAF1 and D3S1250, in one patient the deletion breakpoint was between D3S1250 and D3S601, and in two patients the deletion commenced telomeric to D3S601 (and telomeric to D3S1317 in one of these). All five patients displayed the classical features of 3p- syndrome (mental retardation, growth retardation, microcephaly, ptosis and micrognathia) demonstrating that loss of sequences centromeric to D3S1317 is not required for expression of the characteristic 3p- syndrome phenotype. The three patients with the most extensive deletions had cardiac septal defects suggesting that a gene involved in normal cardiac development is contained in the interval D3S1250 and D3S18. The PMCA2 gene is contained within this region and deletion of this gene may cause congenital heart defects. At least three patients were deleted for the von Hippel - Lindau (VHL) disease gene although none had yet developed evidence of VHL disease. We conclude that molecular analysis of 3p- syndrome patients enhances the management of affected patients by identifying those at risk for VHL disease, and can be used to elucidate the critical regions for the 3p- syndrome phenotype

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics
40 citations in Web of Science®
38 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

16 downloads since deposited on 12 Oct 2018
6 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Molecular Biology
Life Sciences > Genetics
Health Sciences > Genetics (clinical)
Language:English
Date:1 January 1994
Deposited On:12 Oct 2018 08:28
Last Modified:31 Jul 2020 02:03
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0964-6906
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/hmg/3.6.903
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101093hmg36903 (Library Catalogue)

Download

Green Open Access

Download PDF  'Molecular genetic analysis of the 3p — syndrome'.
Preview
Content: Published Version
Language: English
Filetype: PDF (Nationallizenz 142-005)
Size: 3MB
View at publisher