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Breast-feeding in women with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy


Leeners, Brigitte; Rath, Werner; Kuse, Sabine; Neumaier-Wagner, Peruka (2005). Breast-feeding in women with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. Journal of Perinatal Medicine, 33(6):553-560.

Abstract

Aims: Breast feeding is particularly important and difficult in children born prematurely, especially after hypertensive diseases in pregnancies (HDP). Therefore, we aimed to investigate breast feeding in women who developed HDP. Methods: Data on breast-feeding was collected within a nationwide research project on psychosocial factors in HDP. A self-administered questionnaire was given to 2600 women with a suspected history of HDP and 1233 controls. After matching and confirming diagnosis according to ISSHP criteria, 877 women with HDP and 623 controls were included into the study. Results: Control women initiated (48.9/39.2%; P<0.001) and continued (42.2/37.2%; P<0.005) breast-feeding significantly more often than women with HDP. This holds particularly for women who developed HELLP syndrome (48.9/34.7%; P<0.0001, 42.2/33.5%; P<0.0001). A delivery before the 32nd gestational week (19.5/81.8%; P<0.0001) and a birth weight of less than 1500g (18.8/75%; P<0.0001) were associated with the decision not to breast-feed. Conclusions: Women affected by HDP breast fed significantly less often than control women. This effect is at least partly caused by the increased rate of prematurity. Encouraging and supporting these women in breast-feeding is important to improve neonatal physical and mental development

Abstract

Aims: Breast feeding is particularly important and difficult in children born prematurely, especially after hypertensive diseases in pregnancies (HDP). Therefore, we aimed to investigate breast feeding in women who developed HDP. Methods: Data on breast-feeding was collected within a nationwide research project on psychosocial factors in HDP. A self-administered questionnaire was given to 2600 women with a suspected history of HDP and 1233 controls. After matching and confirming diagnosis according to ISSHP criteria, 877 women with HDP and 623 controls were included into the study. Results: Control women initiated (48.9/39.2%; P<0.001) and continued (42.2/37.2%; P<0.005) breast-feeding significantly more often than women with HDP. This holds particularly for women who developed HELLP syndrome (48.9/34.7%; P<0.0001, 42.2/33.5%; P<0.0001). A delivery before the 32nd gestational week (19.5/81.8%; P<0.0001) and a birth weight of less than 1500g (18.8/75%; P<0.0001) were associated with the decision not to breast-feed. Conclusions: Women affected by HDP breast fed significantly less often than control women. This effect is at least partly caused by the increased rate of prematurity. Encouraging and supporting these women in breast-feeding is important to improve neonatal physical and mental development

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health
Health Sciences > Obstetrics and Gynecology
Language:English
Date:1 January 2005
Deposited On:19 Oct 2018 15:51
Last Modified:15 Apr 2021 14:48
Publisher:De Gruyter
ISSN:0300-5577
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1515/jpm.2005.099
PubMed ID:16318622

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