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Effect of Prophylactic Fluconazole on the Frequency of Fungal Infections, Amphotericin B Use, and Health Care Costs in Patients Undergoing Intensive Chemotherapy for Hematologic Neoplasias


Schaffner, A; Schaffner, M (1995). Effect of Prophylactic Fluconazole on the Frequency of Fungal Infections, Amphotericin B Use, and Health Care Costs in Patients Undergoing Intensive Chemotherapy for Hematologic Neoplasias. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 172(4):1035-1041.

Abstract

Fungal infections are a major problem in patients with hematologic malignancy. Attempts to reduce their frequency with antifungal agents have not been successful. A double-blind, controlled, single-center trial was conducted with 96 consecutive patients undergoing 154episodes of chemotherapy. Patients received 400 mg of fluconazole or placebo until bone marrow recovery or initiation of intravenous amphotericin B infusions. End points were amphotericin B use, fungal infection, stable neutrophil count >0.5 × 109/L, toxicity precluding further fluconazole use, and death. By KaplanMeier estimation, the time to initiation of amphotericin B therapy was shorter in 76 patients treated with placebo than in 75 treated with fluconazole (P = .003). Also, fluconazole reduced the number of febrile days by 20% (P = .002) and prevented oropharyngeal candidiasis (1/75 vs. 9/76, P = .018). The frequency of deep mycoses (8/76 vs. 8/75) and outcome were unaffected. Fluconazole did not have a favorable effect on infection-related health care costs and was associated with prolonged severe neutropenia (P = .01)

Abstract

Fungal infections are a major problem in patients with hematologic malignancy. Attempts to reduce their frequency with antifungal agents have not been successful. A double-blind, controlled, single-center trial was conducted with 96 consecutive patients undergoing 154episodes of chemotherapy. Patients received 400 mg of fluconazole or placebo until bone marrow recovery or initiation of intravenous amphotericin B infusions. End points were amphotericin B use, fungal infection, stable neutrophil count >0.5 × 109/L, toxicity precluding further fluconazole use, and death. By KaplanMeier estimation, the time to initiation of amphotericin B therapy was shorter in 76 patients treated with placebo than in 75 treated with fluconazole (P = .003). Also, fluconazole reduced the number of febrile days by 20% (P = .002) and prevented oropharyngeal candidiasis (1/75 vs. 9/76, P = .018). The frequency of deep mycoses (8/76 vs. 8/75) and outcome were unaffected. Fluconazole did not have a favorable effect on infection-related health care costs and was associated with prolonged severe neutropenia (P = .01)

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Immunology and Allergy
Health Sciences > Infectious Diseases
Language:English
Date:1 October 1995
Deposited On:12 Oct 2018 07:22
Last Modified:15 Apr 2021 14:48
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0022-1899
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/172.4.1035

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