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Advantages of subclavian artery perfusion for repair of acute type A dissection


Reuthebuch, O (2004). Advantages of subclavian artery perfusion for repair of acute type A dissection. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 26(3):592-598.

Abstract

Objective: Arterial perfusion through the right subclavian artery is proposed to avoid intraoperative malperfusion during repair of acute type A dissection. This study evaluated the clinical and neurological outcome of patients undergoing surgery of acute aortic type A dissection following subclavian arterial cannulation compared to femoral artery approach. Methods: From 1/97 to 1/03, 122 consecutive patients underwent surgery for acute type A aortic dissection. Subclavian cannulation was performed in 62 versus femoral cannulation in 60 patients. Clinical characteristics in both groups were similar. Mean age was 61 years (SD±14 years, 72% male) and mean follow-up was 3 years (±2 years). Patient outcome was assessed as the prevalence of clinical complications, especially neurological deficits, mortality at 30 days, perioperative morbidity and time of body temperature cooling and analyzed by nominal logistic regression analysis for odds ratio calculation. Results: Arterial subclavian cannulation was successfully performed without any occurrence of malperfusion in all cases. Patients undergoing subclavian cannulation showed an odds ratio of 1.98 (95% CI 1.15-3.51; P=0.0057) for an improved neurological outcome compared to patients undergoing femoral cannulation. Re-exploration rate for postoperative bleeding was significantly reduced in the subclavian group (P<0.0001), as well as occurrence of myocardial infarction (P<0.0001) and duration for body temperature cooling (P=0.004). The 30-day mortality of patients with femoral cannulation was significantly higher compared to patients with subclavian artery cannulation (24 versus 8%; P=0.0179). Conclusions: Arterial perfusion through the right subclavian artery provides an excellent approach for repair of acute type A dissection with optimized arterial perfusion body perfusion and allows for antegrade cerebral perfusion during circulatory arrest. The technique is safe and results in a significantly improved clinical and especially neurological outcome

Abstract

Objective: Arterial perfusion through the right subclavian artery is proposed to avoid intraoperative malperfusion during repair of acute type A dissection. This study evaluated the clinical and neurological outcome of patients undergoing surgery of acute aortic type A dissection following subclavian arterial cannulation compared to femoral artery approach. Methods: From 1/97 to 1/03, 122 consecutive patients underwent surgery for acute type A aortic dissection. Subclavian cannulation was performed in 62 versus femoral cannulation in 60 patients. Clinical characteristics in both groups were similar. Mean age was 61 years (SD±14 years, 72% male) and mean follow-up was 3 years (±2 years). Patient outcome was assessed as the prevalence of clinical complications, especially neurological deficits, mortality at 30 days, perioperative morbidity and time of body temperature cooling and analyzed by nominal logistic regression analysis for odds ratio calculation. Results: Arterial subclavian cannulation was successfully performed without any occurrence of malperfusion in all cases. Patients undergoing subclavian cannulation showed an odds ratio of 1.98 (95% CI 1.15-3.51; P=0.0057) for an improved neurological outcome compared to patients undergoing femoral cannulation. Re-exploration rate for postoperative bleeding was significantly reduced in the subclavian group (P<0.0001), as well as occurrence of myocardial infarction (P<0.0001) and duration for body temperature cooling (P=0.004). The 30-day mortality of patients with femoral cannulation was significantly higher compared to patients with subclavian artery cannulation (24 versus 8%; P=0.0179). Conclusions: Arterial perfusion through the right subclavian artery provides an excellent approach for repair of acute type A dissection with optimized arterial perfusion body perfusion and allows for antegrade cerebral perfusion during circulatory arrest. The technique is safe and results in a significantly improved clinical and especially neurological outcome

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Surgery
Health Sciences > Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
Health Sciences > Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Language:English
Date:1 September 2004
Deposited On:19 Oct 2018 05:57
Last Modified:15 Apr 2021 14:48
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1010-7940
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejcts.2004.04.032

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