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Emergency stent-graft placement for hemorrhage control in acute thoracic aortic rupture


Melnitchouk, S; Pfammatter, T; Kadner, A; Dave, H; Witzke, H; Trentz, O; Turina, M; Lachat, M (2004). Emergency stent-graft placement for hemorrhage control in acute thoracic aortic rupture. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 25(6):1032-1038.

Abstract

Objective: To report mid-term results of stent-graft (SG) implantation in acute thoracic aortic rupture as alternative to conventional open surgery with its associated high morbidity and mortality rates. Methods: Out of a series of 69 patients undergoing thoracic aortic SG implantation since 1998, 24 (mean age 57±19 years, range 20-85-years-old) patients were treated on an emergency basis for hemorrhage control. The indication for SG placement was acute traumatic aortic rupture in 15 patients, type B dissection with contained rupture in 3 patients, penetrating aortic ulcer with periaortic hematoma in 3 patients, and thoracic aortic aneurysm rupture in 3 patients. Preoperative assessment was done by computed tomography (CT) scanning and echography. Patients were treated in the angiography suite by implantation of Excluder (n=18), Talent (n=4), Corvita (n=1), and Vanguard (n=1) self-expanding grafts. Local anesthesia was the most frequently used anaesthesiologic technique. Results: Technical success rate of SG deployment was 100%. The early postoperative mortality was 12.5% (3 of 24). One patient suffered temporary paraplegia (4%). There was no intervention-related mortality during the mean follow-up of 34.1 months. Two secondary endoleaks were successfully treated with additional SG placement at 2 and 12 months postoperative, respectively. Conclusions: Emergency SG repair to control hemorrhage in patients with an acute thoracic aortic rupture is a less-invasive attractive and rational treatment option, especially if associated lesions or co-morbidity may interfere with the surgical outcome. Long-term follow-up results will be helpful to clarify procedure durability bounded by material failure and postoperative aneurysm or aortic wall remodelling

Abstract

Objective: To report mid-term results of stent-graft (SG) implantation in acute thoracic aortic rupture as alternative to conventional open surgery with its associated high morbidity and mortality rates. Methods: Out of a series of 69 patients undergoing thoracic aortic SG implantation since 1998, 24 (mean age 57±19 years, range 20-85-years-old) patients were treated on an emergency basis for hemorrhage control. The indication for SG placement was acute traumatic aortic rupture in 15 patients, type B dissection with contained rupture in 3 patients, penetrating aortic ulcer with periaortic hematoma in 3 patients, and thoracic aortic aneurysm rupture in 3 patients. Preoperative assessment was done by computed tomography (CT) scanning and echography. Patients were treated in the angiography suite by implantation of Excluder (n=18), Talent (n=4), Corvita (n=1), and Vanguard (n=1) self-expanding grafts. Local anesthesia was the most frequently used anaesthesiologic technique. Results: Technical success rate of SG deployment was 100%. The early postoperative mortality was 12.5% (3 of 24). One patient suffered temporary paraplegia (4%). There was no intervention-related mortality during the mean follow-up of 34.1 months. Two secondary endoleaks were successfully treated with additional SG placement at 2 and 12 months postoperative, respectively. Conclusions: Emergency SG repair to control hemorrhage in patients with an acute thoracic aortic rupture is a less-invasive attractive and rational treatment option, especially if associated lesions or co-morbidity may interfere with the surgical outcome. Long-term follow-up results will be helpful to clarify procedure durability bounded by material failure and postoperative aneurysm or aortic wall remodelling

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 June 2004
Deposited On:19 Oct 2018 05:59
Last Modified:19 Oct 2018 07:43
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1010-7940
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejcts.2004.03.005
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101016jejcts200403005 (Library Catalogue)

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