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Maternal meiosis I non-disjunction of chromosome 15: dependence of the maternal age effect on level of recombination


Robinson, W (1998). Maternal meiosis I non-disjunction of chromosome 15: dependence of the maternal age effect on level of recombination. Human Molecular Genetics, 7(6):1011-1019.

Abstract

Non-disjoined chromosomes 15 from 115 cases of uniparental disomy (ascertained through Prader-Willi syndrome) and 13 cases of trisomy of maternal origin were densely typed for microsatellite loci spanning chromosome 15q. Of these 128 cases a total of 97 meiosis I (MI) errors, 19 meiosis II (MII) errors and 12 mitotic errors were identified. The genetic length of a map created from the MI errors was 101 cM, as compared with a maternal length of 137 cM based on CEPH controls. No significant differences were detected in the distribution of recombination events along the chromosome arm and a reduction was seen for most of the chromosome 15 intervals examined. It was estimated that 21% of tetrads leading to MI non-disjunction were achiasmate, which may account for most or all of the reduction in recombination noted. The mean age of mothers of cases involving MI errors which showed no transitions from heterodisomy to isodisomy was significantly lower (32.7) than cases showing one or more observable transitions (36.3) (P < 0.003, t-test). However, even among chiasmate pairs the highest mean maternal age was seen for multiple exchange tetrads. Chromosome-specific differences in maternal age effects may be related to the normal distribution of exchanges (and their individual susceptibilities) for each chromosome. However, they may also reflect the presence of multiple factors which act to ensure normal segregation, each affected by maternal age in a different way and varying in importance for each chromosome

Abstract

Non-disjoined chromosomes 15 from 115 cases of uniparental disomy (ascertained through Prader-Willi syndrome) and 13 cases of trisomy of maternal origin were densely typed for microsatellite loci spanning chromosome 15q. Of these 128 cases a total of 97 meiosis I (MI) errors, 19 meiosis II (MII) errors and 12 mitotic errors were identified. The genetic length of a map created from the MI errors was 101 cM, as compared with a maternal length of 137 cM based on CEPH controls. No significant differences were detected in the distribution of recombination events along the chromosome arm and a reduction was seen for most of the chromosome 15 intervals examined. It was estimated that 21% of tetrads leading to MI non-disjunction were achiasmate, which may account for most or all of the reduction in recombination noted. The mean age of mothers of cases involving MI errors which showed no transitions from heterodisomy to isodisomy was significantly lower (32.7) than cases showing one or more observable transitions (36.3) (P < 0.003, t-test). However, even among chiasmate pairs the highest mean maternal age was seen for multiple exchange tetrads. Chromosome-specific differences in maternal age effects may be related to the normal distribution of exchanges (and their individual susceptibilities) for each chromosome. However, they may also reflect the presence of multiple factors which act to ensure normal segregation, each affected by maternal age in a different way and varying in importance for each chromosome

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Molecular Biology
Life Sciences > Genetics
Health Sciences > Genetics (clinical)
Language:English
Date:1 June 1998
Deposited On:25 Sep 2018 12:57
Last Modified:15 Apr 2021 14:49
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0964-6906
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/hmg/7.6.1011

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