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Modification of 15q11 — q13 DNA methylation imprints in unique Angelman and Prader — Willi patients


Glenn, Christopher C; Nicholls, Robert D; Robinson, Wendy P; Saitoh, Shinjl; Nllkawa, Norlo; Schlnzel, Albert; Horsthemke, Bernhard; Driscoll, Daniel J (1993). Modification of 15q11 — q13 DNA methylation imprints in unique Angelman and Prader — Willi patients. Human Molecular Genetics, 2(9):1377-1382.

Abstract

The clearest example of genomic Imprinting in humans comes from studies of the Angelman (AS) and Prader—Wil (PWS) syndromes. Although these are clinically distinct disorders, both typically result from a loss of the same chromosomal region, 15q11 - q13. AS usually results from either a maternal deletion of this region, or paternal uniparental disomy (UPD; both chromosomes 15 Inherited from the father). PWS results from paternal deletion of 15q11 - q13 or maternal UPD of chromosome 15. We have recently described a parent-specific DNA methylation imprint in a gene at the D15S9 locus (new gene symbol, ZNF 127), within the 15q11 - q13 region, that identifies AS and PWS patients with either a deletion or UPD. Here we describe an AS sibship and three PWS patients in which chromosome 15 rearrangements alter the methylation state at ZNF127, even though this locus is not directly involved in the rearrangement. Parent-specific DNA methylation imprints are also altered at ZNF127 and D15S63 (another locus with a parent-specific methylation imprint) in an AS sibship which have no detectable deletion or UPD of chromosome 15. These unique patients may provide insight into the imprinting process that occurs in proximal chromosome 15 in humans

Abstract

The clearest example of genomic Imprinting in humans comes from studies of the Angelman (AS) and Prader—Wil (PWS) syndromes. Although these are clinically distinct disorders, both typically result from a loss of the same chromosomal region, 15q11 - q13. AS usually results from either a maternal deletion of this region, or paternal uniparental disomy (UPD; both chromosomes 15 Inherited from the father). PWS results from paternal deletion of 15q11 - q13 or maternal UPD of chromosome 15. We have recently described a parent-specific DNA methylation imprint in a gene at the D15S9 locus (new gene symbol, ZNF 127), within the 15q11 - q13 region, that identifies AS and PWS patients with either a deletion or UPD. Here we describe an AS sibship and three PWS patients in which chromosome 15 rearrangements alter the methylation state at ZNF127, even though this locus is not directly involved in the rearrangement. Parent-specific DNA methylation imprints are also altered at ZNF127 and D15S63 (another locus with a parent-specific methylation imprint) in an AS sibship which have no detectable deletion or UPD of chromosome 15. These unique patients may provide insight into the imprinting process that occurs in proximal chromosome 15 in humans

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Genetics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Molecular Biology
Life Sciences > Genetics
Health Sciences > Genetics (clinical)
Language:English
Date:1 January 1993
Deposited On:16 Oct 2018 12:47
Last Modified:26 May 2024 03:34
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0964-6906
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/hmg/2.9.1377
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Description: Nationallizenz 142-005