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Markers of Inflammation in Bacterial Diarrhea among Travelers, with a Focus on EnteroaggregativeEscherichia coliPathogenicity


Greenberg, David E; Jiang, Zhi‐Dong; Steffen, Robert; Verenker, Mangala P; DuPont, Herbert L (2002). Markers of Inflammation in Bacterial Diarrhea among Travelers, with a Focus on EnteroaggregativeEscherichia coliPathogenicity. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 185(7):944-949.

Abstract

The intestinal inflammatory response of traveler's diarrhea acquired in Goa, India, and Guadalajara, Mexico, was studied. Fecal lactoferrin was found in stool samples in which enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC), enterotoxigenic E. coli, or Salmonella or Shigella species were isolated, with Shigella-positive cases showing the highest level. Samples from cases of Shigella-associated diarrhea had the highest concentrations of fecal cytokines. Travelers to India who had EAEC-associated diarrhea showed elevated levels of interleukin (IL)-8 (median, 341.15 pg/mL) and IL-1β (median, 749.90 pg/mL). Although 15 travelers to Mexico who had EAEC-associated diarrhea had a median concentration of 0 pg/mL for both IL-8 and IL-1β, 2 had high levels of IL-8 (1853 and 11,786 pg/mL), and 5 showed elevated levels of IL-1β (1-1240 pg/mL). Samples from patients in India who had pathogen-negative diarrhea or from patients in Mexico who had asymptomatic EAEC infection were negative for cytokines. Bacterial pathogens causing traveler's diarrhea commonly produce intestinal inflammation, although a subset of patients with EAEC-associated diarrhea fail to develop an inflammatory response

Abstract

The intestinal inflammatory response of traveler's diarrhea acquired in Goa, India, and Guadalajara, Mexico, was studied. Fecal lactoferrin was found in stool samples in which enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC), enterotoxigenic E. coli, or Salmonella or Shigella species were isolated, with Shigella-positive cases showing the highest level. Samples from cases of Shigella-associated diarrhea had the highest concentrations of fecal cytokines. Travelers to India who had EAEC-associated diarrhea showed elevated levels of interleukin (IL)-8 (median, 341.15 pg/mL) and IL-1β (median, 749.90 pg/mL). Although 15 travelers to Mexico who had EAEC-associated diarrhea had a median concentration of 0 pg/mL for both IL-8 and IL-1β, 2 had high levels of IL-8 (1853 and 11,786 pg/mL), and 5 showed elevated levels of IL-1β (1-1240 pg/mL). Samples from patients in India who had pathogen-negative diarrhea or from patients in Mexico who had asymptomatic EAEC infection were negative for cytokines. Bacterial pathogens causing traveler's diarrhea commonly produce intestinal inflammation, although a subset of patients with EAEC-associated diarrhea fail to develop an inflammatory response

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Immunology and Allergy
Health Sciences > Infectious Diseases
Language:English
Date:1 April 2002
Deposited On:25 Sep 2018 13:08
Last Modified:15 Apr 2021 14:49
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0022-1899
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1086/339617

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