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Coronary stenosis vasomotion during dynamic exercise before and after PTCA


Suter, T M; Hess, O M; Bortone, A; Nonogi, H; Grimm, J; Krayenbuehl, H P (1989). Coronary stenosis vasomotion during dynamic exercise before and after PTCA. European Heart Journal, 10(suppl G):58-63.

Abstract

Coronary vasomotion was evaluated in eight patients (age 50 ± 8 years) with coronary disease before and 3·3 ± 1·9 months after successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasly (PTCA). Luminal area of a normal and a stenotic coronary artery was determined before and after PTCA using biplane quantitative coronary arteriography. Patients were studied at rest, during supine bicycle exercise and 5 mm after 1·6 mg sublingual nitroglycerin. Workloads before and after PTCA were identical. Percentage diameter stenosis decreased from 78% to 24% (P < 0·001) after PTCA. Mean pulmonary artery pressure increased during exercise from 21 to 40 mmHg (P < 0·001) before and from 19 to 34 mmHg (P < 0·001) after PTCA. Peak exercise pulmonary artery mean pressure was significantly (P < 0·05) lower after PTCA. Normal coronary arteries showed a minimal increase in mean luminal area before (+2%; NS) as well as after (+ 6%; NS) PTCA. Nitroglycerin produced dilation of the normal vessel segment to a similar extent pre- (+27%; P < 0·001) and post- (+31%; P < 0·001) PTCA. In contrast, stenotic vessel segments showed coronary vasoconstriction during exercise before PTCA (−28%; P < 0·01); after PTCA, exercise-induced vasoconstriction of the diseased segment was minimal (−4%; NS). Nitroglycerin was associated with vasodi lation of the stenotic vessel segment before (+17%; NS) as well as after (+26%; P <0·005) PTCA. Thus, exercise-induced coronary vasoconstriction of stenotic coronary arteries is observed before as well as after PTCA, but vasoconstriction after PTCA is significantly less than before PTCA. Coronary vasomotion appears to be modified in a positive way by PTCA, but the exact mechanism remains unclear

Abstract

Coronary vasomotion was evaluated in eight patients (age 50 ± 8 years) with coronary disease before and 3·3 ± 1·9 months after successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasly (PTCA). Luminal area of a normal and a stenotic coronary artery was determined before and after PTCA using biplane quantitative coronary arteriography. Patients were studied at rest, during supine bicycle exercise and 5 mm after 1·6 mg sublingual nitroglycerin. Workloads before and after PTCA were identical. Percentage diameter stenosis decreased from 78% to 24% (P < 0·001) after PTCA. Mean pulmonary artery pressure increased during exercise from 21 to 40 mmHg (P < 0·001) before and from 19 to 34 mmHg (P < 0·001) after PTCA. Peak exercise pulmonary artery mean pressure was significantly (P < 0·05) lower after PTCA. Normal coronary arteries showed a minimal increase in mean luminal area before (+2%; NS) as well as after (+ 6%; NS) PTCA. Nitroglycerin produced dilation of the normal vessel segment to a similar extent pre- (+27%; P < 0·001) and post- (+31%; P < 0·001) PTCA. In contrast, stenotic vessel segments showed coronary vasoconstriction during exercise before PTCA (−28%; P < 0·01); after PTCA, exercise-induced vasoconstriction of the diseased segment was minimal (−4%; NS). Nitroglycerin was associated with vasodi lation of the stenotic vessel segment before (+17%; NS) as well as after (+26%; P <0·005) PTCA. Thus, exercise-induced coronary vasoconstriction of stenotic coronary arteries is observed before as well as after PTCA, but vasoconstriction after PTCA is significantly less than before PTCA. Coronary vasomotion appears to be modified in a positive way by PTCA, but the exact mechanism remains unclear

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2 December 1989
Deposited On:17 Oct 2018 14:50
Last Modified:31 Oct 2018 01:55
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0195-668X
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/10.suppl_g.58
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101093eurheartj10suppl_G58 (Library Catalogue)

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