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Covalent binding of styrene to DNA in rat and mouse


Cantoreggi, Sergio; Lutz, Werner K (1993). Covalent binding of styrene to DNA in rat and mouse. Carcinogenesis, 14(3):355-360.

Abstract

Covalent binding of (7-3H)styrene (S) to DNA in vivo was measured and evaluated in a quantitative manner in order to investigate whether DNA adduct formation could form a mechanistic basis for tumor induction in a carcinogenicity bioassay. [7-3H]S was administered by inhalation in a closed chamber to male and female CD rats and B6C3F1 mice. After 4.5-6 h (rats) and 6-9 h (pools of four mice), S doses of 23-39 and 85-110 mg/kg respectively had been metabolized. DNA was purified to constant specific radioactivity which was measurable in all samples. DNA was enzymatically degraded to the 3'-nucleotides which were separated by HPLC for the detection of radiolabeled nucleotide-S adducts. The fractions with the normal nucleotides contained most of the radioactivity. In mouse liver DNA, a minute but significant level of adduct radioactivity was also detected. In the units of the Covalent Binding Index CBI = (μmol adduct/mol DNA nucleotide)/(mmol chemical/kg body wt), values of 0.05-0.09 and 0.07-0.18 were calculated for males and females respectively. In the rat, no DNA adducts were detectable in the liver at a limit of detection of 0.1 CBI units. Two of the four lung samples of the female rats showed adduct-related radioactivity corresponding to 0.07 CBI units. The CBI values are compatible with styrene 7,8-oxide as the reactive intermediate. The data are compared with CBI values and carcinogenic potencies of established genotoxic carcinogens. It is concluded that the DNA-binding potency of S is so low that significant tumor induction in a standard bioassay for carcinogenicity is unlikely to be due to DNA adduct formation alone. Consequences for a human risk estimation are discussed

Abstract

Covalent binding of (7-3H)styrene (S) to DNA in vivo was measured and evaluated in a quantitative manner in order to investigate whether DNA adduct formation could form a mechanistic basis for tumor induction in a carcinogenicity bioassay. [7-3H]S was administered by inhalation in a closed chamber to male and female CD rats and B6C3F1 mice. After 4.5-6 h (rats) and 6-9 h (pools of four mice), S doses of 23-39 and 85-110 mg/kg respectively had been metabolized. DNA was purified to constant specific radioactivity which was measurable in all samples. DNA was enzymatically degraded to the 3'-nucleotides which were separated by HPLC for the detection of radiolabeled nucleotide-S adducts. The fractions with the normal nucleotides contained most of the radioactivity. In mouse liver DNA, a minute but significant level of adduct radioactivity was also detected. In the units of the Covalent Binding Index CBI = (μmol adduct/mol DNA nucleotide)/(mmol chemical/kg body wt), values of 0.05-0.09 and 0.07-0.18 were calculated for males and females respectively. In the rat, no DNA adducts were detectable in the liver at a limit of detection of 0.1 CBI units. Two of the four lung samples of the female rats showed adduct-related radioactivity corresponding to 0.07 CBI units. The CBI values are compatible with styrene 7,8-oxide as the reactive intermediate. The data are compared with CBI values and carcinogenic potencies of established genotoxic carcinogens. It is concluded that the DNA-binding potency of S is so low that significant tumor induction in a standard bioassay for carcinogenicity is unlikely to be due to DNA adduct formation alone. Consequences for a human risk estimation are discussed

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Cancer Research
Language:English
Date:1 January 1993
Deposited On:16 Oct 2018 12:55
Last Modified:31 Jul 2020 02:14
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0143-3334
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/carcin/14.3.355
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101093carcin143355 (Library Catalogue)

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