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Dark matter subhaloes in numerical simulations


Reed, Darren; Governato, Fabio; Quinn, Thomas; Gardner, Jeffrey; Stadel, Joachim; Lake, George (2005). Dark matter subhaloes in numerical simulations. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 359(4):1537-1548.

Abstract

We use cosmological Λ cold dark matter (CDM) numerical simulations to model the evolution of the substructure population in 16 dark matter haloes with resolutions of up to seven million particles within the virial radius. The combined substructure circular velocity distribution function (VDF) for hosts of 1011 to 1014 M⊙ at redshifts from zero to two or higher has a self-similar shape, is independent of host halo mass and redshift, and follows the relation dn/dv = (1/8)(vcmax/vcmax,host)−4. Halo to halo variance in the VDF is a factor of roughly 2 to 4. At high redshifts, we find preliminary evidence for fewer large substructure haloes (subhaloes). Specific angular momenta are significantly lower for subhaloes nearer the host halo centre where tidal stripping is more effective. The radial distribution of subhaloes is marginally consistent with the mass profile for r ≳ 0.3rvir, where the possibility of artificial numerical disruption of subhaloes can be most reliably excluded by our convergence study, although a subhalo distribution that is shallower than the mass profile is favoured. Subhalo masses but not circular velocities decrease towards the host centre. Subhalo velocity dispersions hint at a positive velocity bias at small radii. There is a weak bias towards more circular orbits at lower redshift, especially at small radii. We additionally model a cluster in several power-law cosmologies of P ∝ kn, and demonstrate that a steeper spectral index, n, results in significantly less substructure

Abstract

We use cosmological Λ cold dark matter (CDM) numerical simulations to model the evolution of the substructure population in 16 dark matter haloes with resolutions of up to seven million particles within the virial radius. The combined substructure circular velocity distribution function (VDF) for hosts of 1011 to 1014 M⊙ at redshifts from zero to two or higher has a self-similar shape, is independent of host halo mass and redshift, and follows the relation dn/dv = (1/8)(vcmax/vcmax,host)−4. Halo to halo variance in the VDF is a factor of roughly 2 to 4. At high redshifts, we find preliminary evidence for fewer large substructure haloes (subhaloes). Specific angular momenta are significantly lower for subhaloes nearer the host halo centre where tidal stripping is more effective. The radial distribution of subhaloes is marginally consistent with the mass profile for r ≳ 0.3rvir, where the possibility of artificial numerical disruption of subhaloes can be most reliably excluded by our convergence study, although a subhalo distribution that is shallower than the mass profile is favoured. Subhalo masses but not circular velocities decrease towards the host centre. Subhalo velocity dispersions hint at a positive velocity bias at small radii. There is a weak bias towards more circular orbits at lower redshift, especially at small radii. We additionally model a cluster in several power-law cosmologies of P ∝ kn, and demonstrate that a steeper spectral index, n, results in significantly less substructure

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:1 June 2005
Deposited On:23 Oct 2018 12:28
Last Modified:24 Nov 2018 03:00
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0035-8711
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2005.09020.x
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101111j13652966200509020x (Library Catalogue)

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