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High level expression of expanded full-length ataxin-3 in vitro causes cell death and formation of intranuclear inclusions in neuronal cells


Evert, B O (1999). High level expression of expanded full-length ataxin-3 in vitro causes cell death and formation of intranuclear inclusions in neuronal cells. Human Molecular Genetics, 8(7):1169-1176.

Abstract

Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) is caused by a CAG/polyglutamine repeat expansion in the SCA3 gene. To analyse the pathogenic mechanisms in SCA3, we have generated ataxin-3-expressing rat mesencephalic CSM14.1 cells. In these cells, a post-mitotic neuronal phenotype is induced by temperature shift. The isolated stable cell lines provided high level expression of non-expanded (Q23) or expanded (Q70) human full-length ataxin-3. CSM14.1 cells expressing the expanded full-length ataxin-3 developed nuclear inclusion bodies, strong indentations of the nuclear envelope and cytoplasmic vacuolation. These ultrastructural alterations were present prior to a significantly decreased viability of neuronally differentiated cells expressing expanded ataxin-3. The observed spontaneous cell death did not correlate with formation of intranuclear inclusions and was not apoptotic by ultrastructural analysis. No increased susceptibility to staurosporine-induced apoptosis was found for the expanded or non-expanded ataxin-3-expressing cell lines. These data show that high level expression of expanded full-length ataxin-3 in a neuron-like cell line generates ultrastructural alterations of SCA3 pathogenesis and results in increased spontaneous non-apoptotic cell death

Abstract

Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) is caused by a CAG/polyglutamine repeat expansion in the SCA3 gene. To analyse the pathogenic mechanisms in SCA3, we have generated ataxin-3-expressing rat mesencephalic CSM14.1 cells. In these cells, a post-mitotic neuronal phenotype is induced by temperature shift. The isolated stable cell lines provided high level expression of non-expanded (Q23) or expanded (Q70) human full-length ataxin-3. CSM14.1 cells expressing the expanded full-length ataxin-3 developed nuclear inclusion bodies, strong indentations of the nuclear envelope and cytoplasmic vacuolation. These ultrastructural alterations were present prior to a significantly decreased viability of neuronally differentiated cells expressing expanded ataxin-3. The observed spontaneous cell death did not correlate with formation of intranuclear inclusions and was not apoptotic by ultrastructural analysis. No increased susceptibility to staurosporine-induced apoptosis was found for the expanded or non-expanded ataxin-3-expressing cell lines. These data show that high level expression of expanded full-length ataxin-3 in a neuron-like cell line generates ultrastructural alterations of SCA3 pathogenesis and results in increased spontaneous non-apoptotic cell death

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 July 1999
Deposited On:25 Sep 2018 13:33
Last Modified:04 Oct 2018 11:33
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0964-6906
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/hmg/8.7.1169
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101093hmg871169 (Library Catalogue)

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