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Improving in vivo folding and stability of a single-chain Fv antibody fragment by loop grafting


Jung, S; Pluckthun, A (1997). Improving in vivo folding and stability of a single-chain Fv antibody fragment by loop grafting. Protein Engineering, Design & Selection, 10(8):959-966.

Abstract

The complementary determining regions (CDRs) from the fluorescein-binding antibody 4-4-20, which yields almost no soluble protein in periplasmic expression in Escherichia coli, were transplanted to the framework of the humanized antibody 4D5. The resulting single-chain Fv fragment (scFv) 4D5Flu showed both a dramatic improvement in soluble expression, even at 37 degrees C, and an improved thermodynamic stability. Antigen affinity was maintained upon this engineering by paying attention to crucial framework-CDR contacts. This demonstrates that the use of superior frameworks is a robust strategy to improve the physical properties of scFv fragments. We also report that the grafted version was selected in phage display over several competing variants of the same antibody with identical binding constant but poorer folding or stability properties. The selection required four panning rounds and a temperature of 37 degrees C and we show that the underlying reason for this selection is a higher fraction of phages carrying functional scFv molecules

Abstract

The complementary determining regions (CDRs) from the fluorescein-binding antibody 4-4-20, which yields almost no soluble protein in periplasmic expression in Escherichia coli, were transplanted to the framework of the humanized antibody 4D5. The resulting single-chain Fv fragment (scFv) 4D5Flu showed both a dramatic improvement in soluble expression, even at 37 degrees C, and an improved thermodynamic stability. Antigen affinity was maintained upon this engineering by paying attention to crucial framework-CDR contacts. This demonstrates that the use of superior frameworks is a robust strategy to improve the physical properties of scFv fragments. We also report that the grafted version was selected in phage display over several competing variants of the same antibody with identical binding constant but poorer folding or stability properties. The selection required four panning rounds and a temperature of 37 degrees C and we show that the underlying reason for this selection is a higher fraction of phages carrying functional scFv molecules

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Life Sciences > Molecular Biology
Language:English
Date:1 August 1997
Deposited On:25 Sep 2018 14:01
Last Modified:15 Apr 2021 14:50
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1741-0126
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/protein/10.8.959

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