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A 23 kDa membrane glycoprotein bearing NeuNAcα2-3Galβ1-3GalNAc O-linked carbohydrate chains acts as a receptor for Streptococcus sanguis OMZ 9 on human buccal epithelial cells


Neeser, Jean-Richard; Grafström, Roland C; Woltz, Arlerre; Brassart, Dominique; Fryder, Vincent; Guggenheim, Bernhard (1995). A 23 kDa membrane glycoprotein bearing NeuNAcα2-3Galβ1-3GalNAc O-linked carbohydrate chains acts as a receptor for Streptococcus sanguis OMZ 9 on human buccal epithelial cells. Glycobiology, 5(1):97-104.

Abstract

Streptococcus sanguis colonizes several human oral surfaces, including both hard and soft tissues. Large salivary mucin like glycoproteins bearing sialic acid residues are known to bind various S.sanguis strains. However, the molecular basis for the adhesion of S.sanguis to human buccal epithelial cells (HBEC) has not been established. The present study shows that S.sanguis OMZ 9 binds to exfoliated HBEC in a sialic acid-sensitive manner. The desialylation of such cells invariably abolhhes adhesion of S.sanguis OMZ 9 to the cell surface. A soluble glycopeptide bearing short sialylated O-linked carbohydrate chains behaves as a potent inhibitor of the attachment of S.sanguis OMZ 9 to exfoliated HBEC. The resialylation of desialylated HBEC with CMP-sialic acid and Galβ1,3GalNAc α2,3-sialyltransferase specific for O-glycans restores the receptor function for S.sanguis OMZ 9, whereas a similar cell resialylation with the Galβ1,4GlcNAc α2,6-sialyltmnsferase specific for N-glycans is without effect. Finally, ceinyl-sialic acid as a substrate yeilds exfoliated HBFC bearing flurescence as the catalyst. The latter finding demonstrates that this 23kDa cell surface glycoprotein bears NeuNAcα2-3Galβ1-3GalNAc O-linked sugar chains, a carbohydrate sequence which is recongnized by S.sanguis OMZ 9 on exfoliated HBEC. In similar experiments carried out with a buccal carcinoma cell line termed SqCC/Y1 S.sanguis OMZ 9 did not attach in great numbers to such cultured cells, and these cells were shown to not express membrane glycoprotien bearing α2,3-sialylated O-linked carbohydrate chains

Abstract

Streptococcus sanguis colonizes several human oral surfaces, including both hard and soft tissues. Large salivary mucin like glycoproteins bearing sialic acid residues are known to bind various S.sanguis strains. However, the molecular basis for the adhesion of S.sanguis to human buccal epithelial cells (HBEC) has not been established. The present study shows that S.sanguis OMZ 9 binds to exfoliated HBEC in a sialic acid-sensitive manner. The desialylation of such cells invariably abolhhes adhesion of S.sanguis OMZ 9 to the cell surface. A soluble glycopeptide bearing short sialylated O-linked carbohydrate chains behaves as a potent inhibitor of the attachment of S.sanguis OMZ 9 to exfoliated HBEC. The resialylation of desialylated HBEC with CMP-sialic acid and Galβ1,3GalNAc α2,3-sialyltransferase specific for O-glycans restores the receptor function for S.sanguis OMZ 9, whereas a similar cell resialylation with the Galβ1,4GlcNAc α2,6-sialyltmnsferase specific for N-glycans is without effect. Finally, ceinyl-sialic acid as a substrate yeilds exfoliated HBFC bearing flurescence as the catalyst. The latter finding demonstrates that this 23kDa cell surface glycoprotein bears NeuNAcα2-3Galβ1-3GalNAc O-linked sugar chains, a carbohydrate sequence which is recongnized by S.sanguis OMZ 9 on exfoliated HBEC. In similar experiments carried out with a buccal carcinoma cell line termed SqCC/Y1 S.sanguis OMZ 9 did not attach in great numbers to such cultured cells, and these cells were shown to not express membrane glycoprotien bearing α2,3-sialylated O-linked carbohydrate chains

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Language:English
Date:1 January 1995
Deposited On:12 Oct 2018 08:19
Last Modified:31 Jul 2020 02:20
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0959-6658
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/glycob/5.1.97
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101093glycob5197 (Library Catalogue)

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