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The critical pressures of gas vesicles in Planktorhrix rubescens in relation tothe depth of winter mixing in Lake Zürich, Switzerland


Walsby, Anthony E; Avery, Avril; Schanz, Ferdinand (1998). The critical pressures of gas vesicles in Planktorhrix rubescens in relation tothe depth of winter mixing in Lake Zürich, Switzerland. Journal of Plankton Research, 20(7):1357-1375.

Abstract

The vertical distribution of the cyanobacterium Planktothrir (Oscillazoria) rubescens in Lake Zürich was investigated from March 1993 to June 1995 by collecting filaments on filters and measuring them by epifluorescence microscopy and computer image analysis. The initial population, which began to stratify in April, decreased by up to 99% by June. During the summer, the population peaked at depths of 8-15 m; it reached a maximum areal filament-volume concentration of -60 cm −3 of lake surface in early September and was then entrained in the deepening surface layer. It became mixed progressively deeper, to the lake bottom in the cold winter of 1993-94, but less completely in the milder winter of 1994-95. Most of the filaments remained viable during the winter. At the end of the mild winter of 1994-5, 70% of filaments in the water column retained buoyancy, but after the cold winter of 1996-7 only 22% were buoyant. Few remained buoyant below 80 m, where the hydrostatic pressure caused gas vesicle collapse. The proportion that remain buoyant decreases with the depth and duration of winter mixing, and increases with the critical collapse pressure (Pc) of the gas vesicles, which provide buoyancy. Strains of P.rubescens isolated from Lake Zürich differed in mean (Pc) of their gas vesicles, from 0.9 to 1.1 MPa, the highest values in freshwater cyanobacteria. Allowing for a turgor pressure of 0.2 MPa. these strains would remain buoyant at depths down to 70 and 90 m, respectively. Natural selection for gas vesicles of high (Pc) will operate by increasing the proportion of filaments that remain buoyant in the upper parts of the water column after circulation to various depths during the winter because only buoyant filaments will form the inoculum for the following season

Abstract

The vertical distribution of the cyanobacterium Planktothrir (Oscillazoria) rubescens in Lake Zürich was investigated from March 1993 to June 1995 by collecting filaments on filters and measuring them by epifluorescence microscopy and computer image analysis. The initial population, which began to stratify in April, decreased by up to 99% by June. During the summer, the population peaked at depths of 8-15 m; it reached a maximum areal filament-volume concentration of -60 cm −3 of lake surface in early September and was then entrained in the deepening surface layer. It became mixed progressively deeper, to the lake bottom in the cold winter of 1993-94, but less completely in the milder winter of 1994-95. Most of the filaments remained viable during the winter. At the end of the mild winter of 1994-5, 70% of filaments in the water column retained buoyancy, but after the cold winter of 1996-7 only 22% were buoyant. Few remained buoyant below 80 m, where the hydrostatic pressure caused gas vesicle collapse. The proportion that remain buoyant decreases with the depth and duration of winter mixing, and increases with the critical collapse pressure (Pc) of the gas vesicles, which provide buoyancy. Strains of P.rubescens isolated from Lake Zürich differed in mean (Pc) of their gas vesicles, from 0.9 to 1.1 MPa, the highest values in freshwater cyanobacteria. Allowing for a turgor pressure of 0.2 MPa. these strains would remain buoyant at depths down to 70 and 90 m, respectively. Natural selection for gas vesicles of high (Pc) will operate by increasing the proportion of filaments that remain buoyant in the upper parts of the water column after circulation to various depths during the winter because only buoyant filaments will form the inoculum for the following season

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:Unspecified
Language:English
Date:1 January 1998
Deposited On:08 Nov 2018 16:01
Last Modified:17 Sep 2019 19:33
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0142-7873
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/plankt/20.7.1357
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101093plankt2071357 (Library Catalogue)

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