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Extrapulmonary and Disseminated Infections Due to Mycobacterium malmoense: Case Report and Review


Zaugg, M; Salfinger, M; Opravil, M; Luthy, R (1993). Extrapulmonary and Disseminated Infections Due to Mycobacterium malmoense: Case Report and Review. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 16(4):540-549.

Abstract

Mycobacterium malmoense is a potentially pathogenic species that was first described in 1977. During the past decade M. malmoense has been recognized with increasing frequency as a pulmonary pathogen. More than 180 cases of M. malmoense infection have been reported. Most of these infections affected a previously damaged lung. Other infection sites included the skin, lymph nodes, and bursae. Five cases of disseminated infection have been reported. The antituberculous drugs associated with the most favorable susceptibility patterns are rifampin and ethambutol. Because of the slow growth of M. malmoense on conventional, egg-based bacteriologic media, the incubation time should be >6 weeks; special solid and liquid media are recommended. We report a case of disseminated pulmonary and gastrointestinal infection due to M. malmoense in a patient with AIDS, who was treated successfully with a combination of rifabutin (ansamycin), clofazimine, and isoniazid. In addition, we review the characteristics of extrapulmonary and disseminated infections due to M. malmoense

Abstract

Mycobacterium malmoense is a potentially pathogenic species that was first described in 1977. During the past decade M. malmoense has been recognized with increasing frequency as a pulmonary pathogen. More than 180 cases of M. malmoense infection have been reported. Most of these infections affected a previously damaged lung. Other infection sites included the skin, lymph nodes, and bursae. Five cases of disseminated infection have been reported. The antituberculous drugs associated with the most favorable susceptibility patterns are rifampin and ethambutol. Because of the slow growth of M. malmoense on conventional, egg-based bacteriologic media, the incubation time should be >6 weeks; special solid and liquid media are recommended. We report a case of disseminated pulmonary and gastrointestinal infection due to M. malmoense in a patient with AIDS, who was treated successfully with a combination of rifabutin (ansamycin), clofazimine, and isoniazid. In addition, we review the characteristics of extrapulmonary and disseminated infections due to M. malmoense

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Microbiology (medical)
Health Sciences > Infectious Diseases
Language:English
Date:1 April 1993
Deposited On:16 Oct 2018 12:54
Last Modified:31 Jul 2020 02:21
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1058-4838
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/clind/16.4.540
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101093clind164540 (Library Catalogue)

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