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Antibiotic Therapy, Endotoxin Concentration in Cerebrospinal Fluid, and Brain Edema in Experimental Escherichia coli Meningitis in Rabbits


Tauber, M G; Shibl, A M; Hackbarth, C J; Larrick, J W; Sande, M A (1987). Antibiotic Therapy, Endotoxin Concentration in Cerebrospinal Fluid, and Brain Edema in Experimental Escherichia coli Meningitis in Rabbits. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 156(3):456-462.

Abstract

We investigated the effect of cefotaxime and chloramphenicol on endotoxin concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and on the development of brain edema in rabbits with Escherichia coli meningitis. Both antibiotics were similarly effective in reducing bacterial titers. Cefotaxime, but not chloramphenicol, induced a marked increase of endotoxin in CSF, from log10 1.5 ± 0.8 to log10 2.8 ± 0.7 ng/ml (P < .01). This result was associated with an increase in brain water content (405 ± 12 g of water/100 g of dry weight compared with 389 ± 8 g in untreated controls; P < .01), whereas in animals treated with chloramphenicol, brain water content was identical to controls. The cefotaxime-induced increase in endotoxin concentration and brain edema were both neutralized by polymyxin B, which binds to the lipid A moiety of endotoxin, or by a monoclonal antibody to lipid A. These results indicate that treating gram-negative bacillary meningitis with selected antibiotics induces increased endotoxin concentrations in CSF that are associated with brain edema

Abstract

We investigated the effect of cefotaxime and chloramphenicol on endotoxin concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and on the development of brain edema in rabbits with Escherichia coli meningitis. Both antibiotics were similarly effective in reducing bacterial titers. Cefotaxime, but not chloramphenicol, induced a marked increase of endotoxin in CSF, from log10 1.5 ± 0.8 to log10 2.8 ± 0.7 ng/ml (P < .01). This result was associated with an increase in brain water content (405 ± 12 g of water/100 g of dry weight compared with 389 ± 8 g in untreated controls; P < .01), whereas in animals treated with chloramphenicol, brain water content was identical to controls. The cefotaxime-induced increase in endotoxin concentration and brain edema were both neutralized by polymyxin B, which binds to the lipid A moiety of endotoxin, or by a monoclonal antibody to lipid A. These results indicate that treating gram-negative bacillary meningitis with selected antibiotics induces increased endotoxin concentrations in CSF that are associated with brain edema

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 September 1987
Deposited On:18 Oct 2018 09:52
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 23:42
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0022-1899
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/156.3.456
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101093infdis1563456 (Library Catalogue)

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