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Tidal streams in a MOND potential: constraints from Sagittarius


Read, J I; Moore, Ben (2005). Tidal streams in a MOND potential: constraints from Sagittarius. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 361(3):971-976.

Abstract

We compare orbits in a thin axisymmetric disc potential in Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) with those in a thin disc plus near-spherical dark matter halo predicted by a ΛCDM cosmology. Remarkably, the amount of orbital precession in MOND is nearly identical to that which occurs in a mildly oblate CDM Galactic halo (potential flattening q= 0.9), consistent with recent constraints from the Sagittarius stream. Since very flattened mass distributions in MOND produce rounder potentials than in standard Newtonian mechanics, we show that it will be very difficult to use the tidal debris from streams to distinguish between a MOND galaxy and a standard CDM galaxy with a mildly oblate halo. If a galaxy can be found with either a prolate halo or one that is more oblate than q∼ 0.9 this would rule out MOND as a viable theory. Improved data from the leading arm of the Sagittarius dwarf—which samples the Galactic potential at large radii—could rule out MOND if the orbital pole precession can be determined to an accuracy of the order of ±1°

Abstract

We compare orbits in a thin axisymmetric disc potential in Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) with those in a thin disc plus near-spherical dark matter halo predicted by a ΛCDM cosmology. Remarkably, the amount of orbital precession in MOND is nearly identical to that which occurs in a mildly oblate CDM Galactic halo (potential flattening q= 0.9), consistent with recent constraints from the Sagittarius stream. Since very flattened mass distributions in MOND produce rounder potentials than in standard Newtonian mechanics, we show that it will be very difficult to use the tidal debris from streams to distinguish between a MOND galaxy and a standard CDM galaxy with a mildly oblate halo. If a galaxy can be found with either a prolate halo or one that is more oblate than q∼ 0.9 this would rule out MOND as a viable theory. Improved data from the leading arm of the Sagittarius dwarf—which samples the Galactic potential at large radii—could rule out MOND if the orbital pole precession can be determined to an accuracy of the order of ±1°

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:1 August 2005
Deposited On:23 Oct 2018 12:56
Last Modified:17 Sep 2019 19:33
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0035-8711
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2005.09232.x
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101111j13652966200509232x (Library Catalogue)

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