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Dose response for the stimulation of cell division by caffeic acid in forestomach and kidney of the male F344 rat


Lutz, Ursula; Lugli, Serena; Bitsch, Annette; Schlatter, Josef; Lutz, Werner K (1997). Dose response for the stimulation of cell division by caffeic acid in forestomach and kidney of the male F344 rat. Toxicological Sciences, 39(2):131-137.

Abstract

Caffeic acid (CA, 3,4-dihydroxycinnainic acid), at 2% in the diet, had been shown to be carcinogenic in forestomach and kidney of F344 rats and B6C3F1 mice. Based on its occurrence in coffee and numerous foods and using a linear interpolation for cancer incidence between dose 0 and 2%, the cancer risk in humans would be considerable. In both target organs, tumor formation was preceded by hyperplasia, which could represent the main mechanism of carcinogenic action. The dose-response relationship for this effect was investigated in male F344 rats after 4-week feeding with CA at different dietary concentrations (0, 0.05, 0.14, 0.40, and 1.64%). Cells in S-phase of DNA replication were visualized by iminunohistochemical analysis of incorporated 5-bromo-2′-deoxyuridine (BrdU), 2 hr after intraperitoneal injection. In the forestomach, both the total number of epithelial cells per millimeter section length and the unit length labeling index of BrdU-positive cells (ULLI) were increased, about 2.5-fold, at 0.44) and 1.64%. The lowest concentration (0.05%) had no effect. At 0.14%, both variables were decreased by about one-third. In the kidney, the labeling index in proximal tubular cells also indicated a J-shaped (or U-shaped) dose response with a 1.8-fold increase at 1.64%. In the glandular stomach and in the liver, which are not target organs, no dose-related effect was seen. The data show a good correlation between the organ specificity for cancer induction and stimulation of cell division. With respect to the dose-response relationship and the corresponding extrapolation of the animal tumor data to a human cancer risk, a linear extrapolation appears not to be appropriate

Abstract

Caffeic acid (CA, 3,4-dihydroxycinnainic acid), at 2% in the diet, had been shown to be carcinogenic in forestomach and kidney of F344 rats and B6C3F1 mice. Based on its occurrence in coffee and numerous foods and using a linear interpolation for cancer incidence between dose 0 and 2%, the cancer risk in humans would be considerable. In both target organs, tumor formation was preceded by hyperplasia, which could represent the main mechanism of carcinogenic action. The dose-response relationship for this effect was investigated in male F344 rats after 4-week feeding with CA at different dietary concentrations (0, 0.05, 0.14, 0.40, and 1.64%). Cells in S-phase of DNA replication were visualized by iminunohistochemical analysis of incorporated 5-bromo-2′-deoxyuridine (BrdU), 2 hr after intraperitoneal injection. In the forestomach, both the total number of epithelial cells per millimeter section length and the unit length labeling index of BrdU-positive cells (ULLI) were increased, about 2.5-fold, at 0.44) and 1.64%. The lowest concentration (0.05%) had no effect. At 0.14%, both variables were decreased by about one-third. In the kidney, the labeling index in proximal tubular cells also indicated a J-shaped (or U-shaped) dose response with a 1.8-fold increase at 1.64%. In the glandular stomach and in the liver, which are not target organs, no dose-related effect was seen. The data show a good correlation between the organ specificity for cancer induction and stimulation of cell division. With respect to the dose-response relationship and the corresponding extrapolation of the animal tumor data to a human cancer risk, a linear extrapolation appears not to be appropriate

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Toxicology
Language:English
Date:1 January 1997
Deposited On:09 Nov 2018 18:35
Last Modified:31 Jul 2020 02:23
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1096-0929
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/39.2.131
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101093toxsci392131 (Library Catalogue)

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