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High level of unequal meiotic crossovers at the origin of the 22q11. 2 and 7q11.23 deletions


Baumer, A (1998). High level of unequal meiotic crossovers at the origin of the 22q11. 2 and 7q11.23 deletions. Human Molecular Genetics, 7(5):887-894.

Abstract

Interstitial chromosomal deletions at 22q11.2 and 7q11.23 are detected in the vast majority of patients affected by CATCH 22 syndromes and the Williams-Beuren syndrome, respectively. In a group of 15 Williams-Beuren patients, we have shown previously that a large number of 7q11.23 deletions occur in association with an interchromosomal rearrangement, indicative of an unequal crossing-over event between the two homologous chromosomes 7. In this study, we show that a similar mechanism also underlies the formation of the 22q11.2 deletions associated with CATCH 22. In eight out of 10 families with a proband affected by CATCH 22, we were able to show that a meiotic recombination had occurred at the critical deleted region based on segregation analysis of grandparental haplotypes. The incidences of crossovers observed between the closest informative markers, proximal and distal to the deletion, were compared with the expected recombination frequencies between the markers. A significant number of recombination events occur at the breakpoint of deletions in CATCH 22 patients (P=2.99×10−7). The segregation analysis of haplotypes in three-generation families was also performed on an extended number of Williams-Beuren cases (22 cases in all). The statistically significant occurrence of meiotic crossovers (P=4.45×10−9) further supports the previous findings. Thus, unequal meiotic crossover events appear to play a relevant role in the formation of the two interstitial deletions. The recurrence risk for healthy parents in cases where such meiotic recombinations can be demonstrated is probably negligible. Such a finding is in agreement with the predominantly sporadic occurrence of the 22q11.2 and 7q11.23 deletions. No parent-of-origin bias was observed in the two groups of patients with regard to the origin of the deletion and to the occurrence of inter-versus intrachromosomal rearrangements

Abstract

Interstitial chromosomal deletions at 22q11.2 and 7q11.23 are detected in the vast majority of patients affected by CATCH 22 syndromes and the Williams-Beuren syndrome, respectively. In a group of 15 Williams-Beuren patients, we have shown previously that a large number of 7q11.23 deletions occur in association with an interchromosomal rearrangement, indicative of an unequal crossing-over event between the two homologous chromosomes 7. In this study, we show that a similar mechanism also underlies the formation of the 22q11.2 deletions associated with CATCH 22. In eight out of 10 families with a proband affected by CATCH 22, we were able to show that a meiotic recombination had occurred at the critical deleted region based on segregation analysis of grandparental haplotypes. The incidences of crossovers observed between the closest informative markers, proximal and distal to the deletion, were compared with the expected recombination frequencies between the markers. A significant number of recombination events occur at the breakpoint of deletions in CATCH 22 patients (P=2.99×10−7). The segregation analysis of haplotypes in three-generation families was also performed on an extended number of Williams-Beuren cases (22 cases in all). The statistically significant occurrence of meiotic crossovers (P=4.45×10−9) further supports the previous findings. Thus, unequal meiotic crossover events appear to play a relevant role in the formation of the two interstitial deletions. The recurrence risk for healthy parents in cases where such meiotic recombinations can be demonstrated is probably negligible. Such a finding is in agreement with the predominantly sporadic occurrence of the 22q11.2 and 7q11.23 deletions. No parent-of-origin bias was observed in the two groups of patients with regard to the origin of the deletion and to the occurrence of inter-versus intrachromosomal rearrangements

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Molecular Biology
Life Sciences > Genetics
Health Sciences > Genetics (clinical)
Language:English
Date:1 May 1998
Deposited On:25 Sep 2018 14:31
Last Modified:31 Jul 2020 09:38
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0964-6906
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/hmg/7.5.887
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101093hmg75887 (Library Catalogue)

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