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Comparative Stem Anatomy and Systematics ofEriosyce sensu lato(Cactaceae)


Nyffeler, R (1997). Comparative Stem Anatomy and Systematics ofEriosyce sensu lato(Cactaceae). Annals of Botany, 80(6):767-786.

Abstract

The genusEriosyceas circumscribed by Kattermann (Succulent Plant Research1: 1-176, 1994) comprises six subsections with 33 species and 38 heterotypic infraspecific taxa and is restricted in distribution to Chile and NW Argentina. A total of 19 anatomical and gross morphological characters were studied from stem material of 27 taxa ofEriosyceand six outgroup taxa from the generaAustrocactus,Copiapoa,Corryocactus,EulychniaandNeowerdermannia(all from the tribe Notocacteae of subfamily Cactoideae). Comparisons between field-collected and glasshouse-cultivated plant material, as well as comparisons between samples from different positions on the stem, allowed an assessment of the variability of various characters. A detailed cladistic investigation with different character composition and character coding was conducted to check for combinations of characters that support a number of different clades.Eriosycesubsect.Chileosyce(includingE. napinaandE. odieri, but excludingE. laui) andE.subsect.Neoporteriaare very well characterized by a number of the attributes investigated, such as a papillate or completely flat epidermal relief, a very soft and strongly mucilaginous cortex, or a tuberculate stem with the podaria arranged in helical lines. The usefulness of the anatomical and morphological data was examined further by a cladistic analysis of a subgroup of 21 taxa supplemented with data on flowers, fruits and seeds (data from published sources). The present circumscription ofEriosyce(includingHorridocactus,Neoporteria, andThelocephala) is not seriously questioned by these cladistic analyses, with the possible exception ofIslaya. The position ofE. lauiremains unresolved.Copyright 1997 Annals of Botany Company

Abstract

The genusEriosyceas circumscribed by Kattermann (Succulent Plant Research1: 1-176, 1994) comprises six subsections with 33 species and 38 heterotypic infraspecific taxa and is restricted in distribution to Chile and NW Argentina. A total of 19 anatomical and gross morphological characters were studied from stem material of 27 taxa ofEriosyceand six outgroup taxa from the generaAustrocactus,Copiapoa,Corryocactus,EulychniaandNeowerdermannia(all from the tribe Notocacteae of subfamily Cactoideae). Comparisons between field-collected and glasshouse-cultivated plant material, as well as comparisons between samples from different positions on the stem, allowed an assessment of the variability of various characters. A detailed cladistic investigation with different character composition and character coding was conducted to check for combinations of characters that support a number of different clades.Eriosycesubsect.Chileosyce(includingE. napinaandE. odieri, but excludingE. laui) andE.subsect.Neoporteriaare very well characterized by a number of the attributes investigated, such as a papillate or completely flat epidermal relief, a very soft and strongly mucilaginous cortex, or a tuberculate stem with the podaria arranged in helical lines. The usefulness of the anatomical and morphological data was examined further by a cladistic analysis of a subgroup of 21 taxa supplemented with data on flowers, fruits and seeds (data from published sources). The present circumscription ofEriosyce(includingHorridocactus,Neoporteria, andThelocephala) is not seriously questioned by these cladistic analyses, with the possible exception ofIslaya. The position ofE. lauiremains unresolved.Copyright 1997 Annals of Botany Company

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:580 Plants (Botany)
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Plant Science
Language:English
Date:1 December 1997
Deposited On:25 Sep 2018 14:30
Last Modified:15 Apr 2021 14:51
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0305-7364
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1006/anbo.1997.0518

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