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Abnormal chromosomal arrangements in human oocytes


Macas, E; Floresheim, Y; Hotz, E; Imthurn, B; Keller, P J; Walt, H (1990). Abnormal chromosomal arrangements in human oocytes. Human Reproduction, 5(6):703-707.

Abstract

Ninety-one human oocytes, lacking signs of fertilization 50 h after insemination in vitro, were investigated cytogenetically to assess the frequency and type of chromosomal abnormalities. Chromosome spreading permitted adequate karyotyping in 55 oocytes. Non-determined numerical aberrations occurred with the following frequencies: hypohaploidy, 10.9% (6/55), hyperhapJoidy, 14.5% (8/55) and hyperdiploidy, 3.6% (2/55). Total aneuploidy occurred with a frequency of 29.1% and was observed in oocytes from 30 patients. No correlation was found between specific chromosomal aberrations and type of infertility, stimulation treatment or gonadotrophin levels. On the other hand, the frequency of aneuploidy was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in patients >35 years of age. Two chromosomal complements (3.6%) had structural rearrangements; one oocyte had both structural and numerical chromosomal abnormalities and the other had differently condensed regions on the long arms of three chromosomes from group C. The overall frequency of chromosomal aberrations was 32.7%. Only two samples contained an additional set of polar body chromosomes. Thirteen oocytes presented sperm chromosomes in an arrested stage of premature chromosome condensation of the G1, phase and four oocytes showed asynchronous condensation of pronuclear chromosomes. Finally, it was concluded that the high proportion of chromosomal aberrations observed in human oocytes may contribute significantly to abnormal embryonic development in vitro

Abstract

Ninety-one human oocytes, lacking signs of fertilization 50 h after insemination in vitro, were investigated cytogenetically to assess the frequency and type of chromosomal abnormalities. Chromosome spreading permitted adequate karyotyping in 55 oocytes. Non-determined numerical aberrations occurred with the following frequencies: hypohaploidy, 10.9% (6/55), hyperhapJoidy, 14.5% (8/55) and hyperdiploidy, 3.6% (2/55). Total aneuploidy occurred with a frequency of 29.1% and was observed in oocytes from 30 patients. No correlation was found between specific chromosomal aberrations and type of infertility, stimulation treatment or gonadotrophin levels. On the other hand, the frequency of aneuploidy was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in patients >35 years of age. Two chromosomal complements (3.6%) had structural rearrangements; one oocyte had both structural and numerical chromosomal abnormalities and the other had differently condensed regions on the long arms of three chromosomes from group C. The overall frequency of chromosomal aberrations was 32.7%. Only two samples contained an additional set of polar body chromosomes. Thirteen oocytes presented sperm chromosomes in an arrested stage of premature chromosome condensation of the G1, phase and four oocytes showed asynchronous condensation of pronuclear chromosomes. Finally, it was concluded that the high proportion of chromosomal aberrations observed in human oocytes may contribute significantly to abnormal embryonic development in vitro

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 August 1990
Deposited On:16 Oct 2018 15:45
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 23:43
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0268-1161
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.humrep.a137172
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101093oxfordjournalshumrepa137172 (Library Catalogue)

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